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STEBCO, INC. v. UNITED STATES

March 12, 1990

STEBCO, INC., a California Corporation, RAFAEL CARRILLO-BARRON, an individual, NORMA FREGOSO CARRILLO, an individual, CONSTRUCCIONES INDUSTRIALES OTAY, S.A. de C.V., a Mexican Corporation, EDIFICACIONES INDUSTRIALES OMAR, S.A. de C.V., a Mexican Corporation, CONCRETOS ATI, S.A. de C.V., a Mexican Corporation, AGREGADOS TIJUANA, S.A. de C.V., a Mexican Corporation, FERRETERIA EL CLAVO, S.A. de C.V., a Mexican Corporation, Plaintiffs,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Defendant


John S. Rhoades, Sr., United States District Judge.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: RHOADES

JOHN S. RHOADES, SR., UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

 BACKGROUND

 On February 2, 1990, plaintiffs filed a complaint to determine the reasonableness and appropriateness of two jeopardy assessments levied against them by the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS"). The jeopardy assessment made by the IRS against Stebco, Inc. ("Stebco") and the individual taxpayers resulted from an IRS investigation. *fn1" The IRS gathered the following information, which was presented to the court by way of declaration of a Revenue Agent, Beatriz Cruz: *fn2"

 1. Stebco failed to cooperate with Cruz, provided misleading and inconsistent information, and represented that it was exempt from United States internal revenue laws. Stebco's 1988 income tax return was overdue.

 2. Stebco appeared to have no business address other than a telephone answering service and freight forwarding service. The assets of Stebco were believed to be easily liquidated and transferred out of the reach of the IRS.

 3. Stebco's sole shareholder was Rafael Carrillo-Barron. Carrillo-Barron and his wife, Norma Fregoso Carrillo, are the individual taxpayers who were also investigated (husband and wife hereinafter referred to as "the individual taxpayers").

 4. The individual taxpayers filed W-8 forms with various banks and brokerage houses despite the fact that they were not nonresident aliens during 1986 and 1987.

 5. The individual taxpayers declined to produce income tax returns requested by the IRS agents.

 6. The individual taxpayers failed to file appropriate federal income tax returns for 1986 and 1987 despite being residents of the United States.

 7. The individual taxpayers used false taxpayer identification numbers in connection with bank accounts, which concealed the accounts from the IRS.

 8. The individual taxpayers' claim that they were nonresident aliens during 1986 and 1987 was false as they owned a home in Bonita, California at that time.

 9. Mr. Carrillo-Barron had a "green card" identifying him as a permanent resident alien and has applied for amnesty through the Immigration and Naturalization Service. He claimed to be a Mexican national but stated on his marriage license application (in 1974) that he was born in California and that his mother was American.

 10. Mrs. Fregoso Carrillo claimed to have recently renounced her American citizenship and claimed on her marriage license application that she was a Mexican citizen. She and her husband moved to Tijuana, Mexico, in 1988 with the apparent intention of remaining residents of ...


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