On March 15, 1991, First State removed this action to federal court. At the time that First State filed its notice of removal, no other defendant had been served. It is undisputed that complete diversity of citizenship exists as no defendant in the action has the same citizenship as the plaintiff. See Notice of Removal, attached as Exhibit A to First State's Memorandum. Plaintiff is an Arizona corporation, with its principal place of business of Phoenix, Arizona. Defendant First State is a Delaware corporation, with its principal place of business in Boston, Massachusetts. Defendant Industrial Indemnity Company is a California corporation, with its principal place of business in San Francisco, California. Industrial Indemnity had not been served at the time First State removed this action.
Federal courts have original jurisdiction over cases in which there is complete diversity of citizenship. 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Complete diversity of citizenship exists as no defendant in this action has the same citizenship as the plaintiff. There is a major limitation on removal jurisdiction in diversity cases: Even if there is complete diversity, removal is allowed only if "none of the parties in interest properly joined and served as defendants is a citizen of the State in which such action is brought." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(b) (emphasis added); see Hon. W. Schwarzer, Hon. A. Tashima, J. Wagstaffe, Federal Civil Procedure Before Trial paras. 2:625. Once any "local" defendant (a citizen of the forum state) has been served, the action cannot be removed by that defendant, or by any other defendant. 28 U.S.C. § 1441(b); Schwarzer, et al., supra, para. 2:626. Conversely, "a resident defendant who has not been served may be ignored in determining removability." 14A C. Wright, A. Miller, E. Cooper, Federal Practice and Procedure § 3723 at 341 (2d ed. 1985); see Windac Corp. v. Clarke, 530 F. Supp. 812, 813 (D. Nebraska 1982) (when a defendant has not been served, citizenship in the forum state does not defeat removal jurisdiction); Schwarzer, et al., supra, para. 2:626.1. Because Industrial Indemnity had not yet been served at the time that First State filed its removal petition, the language of § 1441(b) mandates the finding that this case was properly removed.
Plaintiff's citation to Pullman Co. v. Jenkins, 305 U.S. 534, 83 L. Ed. 334, 59 S. Ct. 347 (1939) and its progeny
is inapposite. Pullman stands for the proposition that the presence of a nondiverse, unserved defendant will destroy removability unless that party is dismissed from the action. The Pullman line of cases is inapplicable to the instant case because here complete diversity between the parties exists.
Plaintiff also asserts that the removal was technically flawed because not all defendants joined in the Petition for Removal. The law of this circuit, however, is that defendants upon whom service has not been effected at the time the notice is filed, need not join the notice of removal. Salveson v. Western States Bankcard Ass'n., 731 F.2d 1423, 1429 (9th Cir. 1984). In the present case, the only defendant which had been served on the date of filing of the notice of removal was First State, the party which removed the action.
Based on the foregoing, plaintiff's motion to remand the instant action is DENIED. Plaintiff's motion for attorney's fees pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) is consequently DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.