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Wilson v. PFS

May 31, 2007

RONALD WILSON, PLAINTIFF,
v.
PFS, LLC DBA MCDONALD'S # 23315; PFS CLAIMS MANAGEMENT CO. INC.; MCDONALD'S CORPORATION, DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hayes, Judge

ORDER DECLINING SUPPLEMENTAL JURISDICTION OVER PLAINTIFF'S STATE LAW

Pending before the Court is Defendants' motion to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction. (Doc. # 35). The Court finds this matter suitable for submission on the papers and without oral argument pursuant to Civil Local Rule 7.1(d)(1).

PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

On May 11, 2006, Plaintiff Ronald Wilson filed the Complaint in this matter, asserting federal Americans with Disability Act (ADA) claims as well as California state law claims pursuant to the Disabled Person Act (DPA), the Unruh Civil Rights Act (Unruh Act), and the California Health & Safety Code against Defendants PFS, LLC, PFS Management Co. Inc., and McDonald's Corporation. (Doc. # 1). On July 14, 2007, Defendants PFS, LLC and PFS Management Co. Inc. moved to dismiss the Complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and failure to state a claim. (Doc. # 7). On November 2, 2006, this Court denied the motion to dismiss, and exercised supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff's state law claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367. (Doc. # 25). In exercising supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff's state law claims, the Court concluded that the state law issues were neither novel or complex. (Doc. # 25).

On November 21, 2006, Defendant McDonald's Corporation answered the Complaint and asserted affirmative defenses. (Doc. # 29). Thereafter, between November 28, 2006, and January 22, 2007, the parties participated in an early neutral evaluation and a case management conference. (Docs. # 31-34). On January 28, 2007, Defendants PFS, LLC and PFS Management Co. Inc. filed the pending motion to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction. (Doc. # 35). On February 20, 2007, Defendant McDonald's Corporation joined the motion to dismiss filed by PFS, LLC and PFS Management Co. Inc. (Doc. # 37).

ALLEGATIONS OF THE COMPLAINT

Plaintiff Ronald Wilson is physically disabled and requires the use of a walking device, wheelchair, and mobility-equipped van when traveling in public. Complaint, ¶ 8. Plaintiff visited the McDonald's restaurant at 570 W. San Marcos Blvd., in San Marcos, and encountered physical and intangible barriers which denied Plaintiff full and equal enjoyment of the restaurant in violation of Title III of the ADA. Compl., ¶ 10. The encountered barriers deter Plaintiff from visiting the McDonald's in San Marcos because Plaintiff knows that the restaurant's accommodations are unavailable to physically disabled patrons such as himself. Compl., ¶ 11.

STANDARD OF REVIEW

"[I]n any civil action of which the district courts have original jurisdiction, the district courts shall have supplemental jurisdiction over all other claims that are so related to claims in the action within such original jurisdiction that they form part of the same case or controversy under Article III of the United States Constitution." 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a). "A state law claim is part of the same case or controversy when it shares a 'common nucleus of operative fact' with the federal claims . . . ." Bahrampour v. Lampert, 356 F.3d 969, 978 (9th Cir. 2004). A district court may decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over a state law claim if:

(1) the claim raises a novel or complex issue of State law,

(2) the claim substantially predominates over the claim or claims over which the district court has original jurisdiction,

(3) the district court has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction, or

(4) in exceptional circumstances, there are other compelling reasons for declining jurisdiction.

28 U.S.C. ยง1367(c); see also Cross v. Pacific Coast Plaza Investments, L.P., No. 06 CV 2543 JM (RBB), 2007 WL 951772, *3 (S.D. Cal. Mar. 6, 2007). In deciding whether to exercise supplemental jurisdiction, a court must consider the underlying objective of "most sensibly accommodating the values of economy, convenience, fairness, and comity." Executive Software North America, Inc. v. ...


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