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Abbe v. City of San Diego
February 12, 2008
MARCUS R. ABBE, INDIVIDUALLY AND ON BEHALF OF ALL OTHERS SIMILARLY SITUATED; ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
CITY OF SAN DIEGO, AND DOES 1 THROUGH 100, INCLUSIVE, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Dana M. Sabraw United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING IN PART MOTION TO CERTIFY ISSUES FOR INTERLOCUTORY APPEAL AND DENYING IN PART PLAINTIFFS' EX PARTE
On November 9, 2007, the Court granted in part and denied in part Defendant's motion for summary judgment (the "Summary Judgment Order"). On February 4, 2008, the Court denied reconsideration of the Summary Judgment Order (the "Reconsideration Order"). In the Reconsideration Order, the Court indicated the following three portions of the Summary Judgment Order may be appropriate for interlocutory appeal: (1) the Court's decision that Plaintiffs' evidence failed to create a material question of fact regarding whether Plaintiffs' pre-shiftand post-shift donning and doffing of uniforms and equipment is compensable under the Portal-to-Portal Act; (2) the Court's determination that police uniforms (excluding safety equipment) constitute "clothes" within the meaning of 29 U.S.C. Section 203(o); and (3) the Court's determination that Defendant established a Section 207(k) schedule as a matter of law (collectively, the "Appealable Issues").
Plaintiffs now bring a motion "to certify this Court's Order of February 4, 2008 [the Reconsideration Order]." The motion is granted in part and denied in part, and further proceedings shall be stayed while Plaintiffs' application for interlocutory appeal is pending in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Formal certification of issues for interlocutory appeal requires the Court to find the interlocutory order "involves a controlling question of law as to which there is substantial ground for difference of opinion and that an immediate appeal from the order may materially advance the ultimate termination of the litigation." 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b). Here, all parties and the Court agree that the three Appealable Issues meet this standard. Those three issues are therefore certified for interlocutory appeal under the standard set forth in Section 1292(b).
However, the Appealable Issues were decided in the Summary Judgment Order, not the Reconsideration Order. In the Reconsideration Order, the Court determined reconsideration of the Summary Judgment Order was unwarranted, since (1) it contained no manifest errors of law; (2) there has been no intervening change in law; (3) Plaintiffs produced no newly-discovered or previously unavailable evidence; and (4) reconsideration would not have prevented manifest injustice. (Reconsideration Order at 1, 5). The determination that reconsideration of the Summary Judgment Order was unwarranted does not "involve a controlling question of law as to which there is substantial ground for difference of opinion." See 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b).
The Court therefore certifies the Appealable Issues decided in the Summary Judgment Order for interlocutory appeal to the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and stays further proceedings in this Court pending a decision on Plaintiffs' petition for interlocutory review. Certification of the Reconsideration Order and the issues decided therein is denied.
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