UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
February 26, 2008
TERRY DOUGLAS BEMORE, PETITIONER,
ROBERT L. AYERS, JR., WARDEN OF SAN QUENTIN STATE PRISON, RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Larry Alan Burns United States District Judge
DEATH PENALTY CASE ORDER STAYING EXECUTION OF DEATH SENTENCE AND SETTING DEADLINE FOR OBJECTIONS TO COUNSEL; DENYING REQUEST FOR NUNC PRO TUNC FILING
On February 15, 2008, Petitioner Terry Douglas Bemore filed a request for appointment of counsel for federal habeas proceedings and for a stay of execution of his sentence. Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3599, Petitioner's request for appointment of counsel is GRANTED. Pursuant to Local Rules HC.3(d)(1), the Court intends to appoint state habeas counsel Robert R. Bryan to represent Petitioner in his federal habeas proceedings, unless an objection to Mr. Bryan's appointment is filed within the next thirty (30) days, on or before March 26, 2008.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, pursuant to Local Rules HC.3(g)(3), that the execution of Petitioner's sentence of death, and all court and other proceedings related to the execution of that sentence, including preparation for execution and the setting of an execution date, are stayed for one hundred and twenty (120) days to allow for preparation of the federal petition, up to and including Friday, June 20, 2008 .
Petitioner additionally requests that this renewed request for federal counsel be deemed effective, nunc pro tunc, as of October 17, 2007. Petitioner makes this request based on his previous requests for appointment of federal habeas counsel made in 1998 and 2000, both of which were denied without prejudice as premature. Petitioner argues that his prior requests became ripe when the California Supreme Court denied his state habeas petition, but due to a state court clerical error, he was not apprised of the denial until January 10, 2008.
The only reason this Court discerns for this request is to potentially toll the statute of limitations for the filing of the federal petition under the AEDPA, which provides that state prisoners generally must file any petition for federal post-conviction relief within one year of the date that the state court judgment became final. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(A). The one-year limitation period under the AEDPA is tolled so long as "a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review" is "pending." 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2). However, in Woodford v. Garceau, 538 U.S. 202, 207-10 (2003), the United States Supreme Court held that a request for appointment of counsel did not create a "pending" habeas case on the merits. The Supreme Court held that a case is pending only upon the filing of a habeas petition in federal court. See Garceau, 538 U.S. at 210. As of the present date, the Court can discern no apparent prejudice to Petitioner as to timely filing a federal petition under the statute of limitations set out under the AEDPA, and to the extent Petitioner's request is one for equitable tolling, it is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE as premature .
The Clerk of the Court shall serve a certified copy of this order on Petitioner Terry Bemore; Attorney Robert R. Bryan; Respondent, Robert L. Ayers, Jr., Warden of San Quentin Prison; the Clerk of the San Diego County Superior Court; Garrett Beaumont, Deputy Attorney General of the State of California; Office of the District Attorney of San Diego County; and Michael G. Millman, Executive Director of the California Appellate Project, San Francisco.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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