UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
April 28, 2008
RODNEY BERNARD BARNO, CDCR # PLAINTIFF,
STUART RYAN; JEAN WOODFORD; CORTEZ, CORRECTIONAL COUNSELOR; HOMER, CORRECTIONAL COUNSELOR, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. William McCurine, Jr. U.S. Magistrate Judge, U.S. District Court
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) [DOC. NO.17.]
Plaintiff, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis ("IFP") with a civil rights Complaint [Doc. No. 1] filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and currently incarcerated at RJ Donovan Correctional Facility, has submitted a motion in which he requests that the Court appoint counsel for him pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). [Doc. No. 17.]
"[T]here is no absolute right to counsel in civil proceedings." Hedges v. Resolution Trust Corp. (In re Hedges), 32 F.3d 1360, 1363 (9th Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). Thus, federal courts do not have the authority "to make coercive appointments of counsel." Mallard v. United States District Court, 490 U.S. 296, 310 (1989); see also United States v. $292,888.04 in U.S. Cur- , 54 F.3d 564, 569 (9th Cir. 1995).
Districts courts have discretion, however, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1), to "request" that an attorney represent indigent civil litigants upon a showing of exceptional circumstances.
Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991); Burns v. County of King, 883 F.2d 819, 823 (9th Cir. 1989). "A finding of exceptional circumstances requires an evaluation of both the 'likelihood of success on the merits and the ability of the plaintiff to articulate his claims pro in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved.' Neither of these issues is dispositive and both must be viewed together before reaching a decision.'" Id. (quoting Wilborn v. Escalderon, 789 F.2d 1328, 1331 (9th Cir. 1986)).
Plaintiff contends that he meets the exceptional circumstances showing because he has no legal training and is confined in protective custody with limited access to legal materials. (Plaintiff's Motion, Doc. No. 17, pp. 4-5.) After an evaluation of: (1) the merits of Plaintiff's case, wherein he alleges "deliberate indifference to classify or label Plaintiff a sexual predator and restrict his visitation"; and (2) the ability of Plaintiff to articulate his claims, which are not complex, the Court finds exceptional circumstances do not presently exist to warrant appointment of counsel at this time. Specifically, it appears that Plaintiff has a sufficient grasp of his case, the legal issues involved, and is able to adequately articulate the basis of his claims. In fact, Plaintiff's pro se pleading has survived the initial screening provisions of 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2) and 1915A(b), and Plaintiff has successfully filed the instant motion for appointment of counsel and several motions thereafter including a motion for preliminary injunction [Doc. No. 20.], for leave to file a second amended complaint and to strike discovery. [Doc. Nos.31-32.]
Conclusion and Order
Accordingly, under the circumstances of this case, the Court finds that Plaintiff has failed to plead facts sufficient to show the "exceptional circumstances" required for appointment of counsel pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) and therefore DENIES without prejudice Plaintiff's Motion for Appointment of Counsel pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) [Doc. No. 17].
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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