UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
August 4, 2008
KARAL HASANI EFIA BATTLE-EL, PLAINTIFF,
DEPARTMENT OF VETERAN AFFAIRS, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: M. James Lorenz United States District Court Judge
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO DISMISS WITHOUT PREJUDICE [doc. #17] and DIRECTING THE CLERK OF THE COURT TO CLOSE THIS CASE
Defendant moves to dismiss the complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1). The Court notes that even though plaintiff was advised of the filing requirements to oppose defendant's motion, he neither filed an opposition to defendant's motion to dismiss*fn1 nor sought an extension of time in which to respond to the motion. Civil Local Rule 7.1.f.3 provides that "[i]f an opposing party fails to file the papers in the manner required by Civil Local Rule 7.1.e.2, that failure may constitute a consent to the granting of a motion or other request for ruling by the court." Notwithstanding the Local Rule, the Court will review defendant's motion on the merits.
Plaintiff's complaint seeks information under the Freedom of Information Act ("FOIA"), 5 U.S.C. § 552. But plaintiff has not alleged that he made a FOIA request for records.
FOIA provides "a statutory right of public access to documents and records held by federal government agencies." Gould, Inc. v. General Services Admin., 688 F. Supp. 689, 693 (D.D.C.1988). "FOIA vests jurisdiction in federal district courts to enjoin an 'agency from withholding agency records and to order the production of any agency records improperly withheld from the complainant.'" Kissinger v. Reporters Comm. for Freedom of the Press, 445 U.S. 136, 139 (1980) (quoting 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(4) (B)). FOIA requires a records request to "reasonably" describe requested records and to comply with "published rules stating the time, place, fees (if any), and procedures to be followed." See 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(3)(A).
"[F]ull and timely exhaustion of administrative remedies is a prerequisite to judicial review under FOIA." Judicial Watch, Inc. v. U.S. Naval Observatory, 160 F. Supp.2d 111, 112 (D.D.C. 2001). Prior to seeking judicial review, a records requester must exhaust his/her administrative remedies, including filing a proper FOIA request. Sands v. United States, 1995 WL 552308, *3 (S.D. Fla.1995); see Hedley v. United States, 594 F.2d 1043, 1044 (5th Cir. 1979). If a records requester fails to exhaust administrative remedies, the lawsuit may be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Heyman v. Merit Systems Protection Board, 799 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 481 U.S. 1019 (1987); Judicial Watch, 160 F. Supp.2d at 112 ("Where plaintiff has failed to exhaust its administrative remedies prior to filing with the court, the case is subject to dismissal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.") "The exhaustion of remedy rule is not satisfied by leapfrogging over any substantive step in the administrative process." Tuchinsky v. Selective Serv. System, 418 F.2d 155, 158 (7th Cir. 1969).
Plaintiff has not alleged that he made a FOIA request for records. In the absence of a request for records, the agency has no duty to produce records and there can be no records improperly withheld by defendants. Because plaintiff has not exhausted his administrative remedies, the Court will dismiss this case without prejudice.
Based on the foregoing, defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction is GRANTED without prejudice. The Clerk of the Court is directed to close this case.
IT IS SO ORDERED.