The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Anthony J. Battaglia U.S. Magistrate Judge United States District Court
ORDER GRANTING JOINT MOTION FOR STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
AND ALL RELATED COUNTER-CLAIMS.
The Court recognizes that at least some of the documents and information ("materials") being sought through discovery in the above-captioned action are, for competitive reasons, normally kept confidential by the parties. The parties have agreed to be bound by the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order ("Order") in this action.
The materials to be exchanged throughout the course of the litigation between the parties may contain trade secret or other confidential research, technical, cost, price, marketing or other commercial information, as is contemplated by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c)(7). The purpose of this Order is to protect the confidentiality of such materials as much as practical during the litigation. THEREFORE:
Provided that it meets the requirements of this paragraph below,
(i) any information or material produced, formally or informally, in response to a discovery request, including, without limitation,
b. documents, information or things produced in response to requests for production of documents or things or in response to a subpoena,
c. answers to interrogatories,
d. responses to requests for admissions, and
e. all other discovery taken pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and
(ii) any information or material produced pursuant to any disclosure obligations imposed by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or the Court's Local Rules,
(iii) any information or material disclosed or produced in connection with this action on an informal basis, and
(iv) any material filed with the Court may be designated for protection under this Order ("Designated Material"). Designations for protection under this Order may be made by a "Designating Person," defined herein to include (1) the person or entity producing, filing or disclosing or providing the Designated Material, including third parties, (2) any person or entity whose employee or representative produces, files, discloses, or provides the Designated Material, or (3) any party or third party if the Designated Material is produced, filed, disclosed, or provided by a third party, if the designating party or third party claims ownership of the Designated Material or an obligation to protect the confidentiality of the Designated Material. Nothing in this Order shall limit a party's right to use, copy, or disclose its own Designated Material, and nothing in this Order restricts the use, copying, or disclosure of Designated Material by the person or party who produced the Designated Material. All information or material derived from Designated Material by a person who received the Designated Material under this Order shall be subject to the same protections of this order as the Designated Material. The designation shall be either (1) "CONFIDENTIAL" or (2) "CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY."
For purposes of this Order, "CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION" means any confidential or proprietary technical, scientific, or business information that is not generally known and which the Designating Person normally would maintain in confidence and not reveal to a third party. By way of example, and not limitation, CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION may include trade secret or other confidential research, development, or commercial information as those terms are used in Rule 26(c)(7) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Any information that is derived from CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION also constitutes CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION to the extent the derived information embodies, contains, or discloses any CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. Before designating all or any portions of any document or information "CONFIDENTIAL," the Designating Person or its counsel shall make a good faith determination that protection is warranted under Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
As a general guideline, material may be designated "CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" only if it (1) constitutes a trade secret or meets the definition of "CONFIDENTIAL" material and (2) is of a particularly sensitive business or technical nature that would provide a significant advantage to competitors, including for example and without limitation, computer software and code, financial terms of licensing agreements, schematics for products that are currently in development, business plans, new product development, new business development, trade secrets, data and data formats, competitor market analyses, customer lists, internal financial/accounting information, operations information, agreements with sales representatives, pricing information, business relationships with third parties, and technical information relating to the design, development, manufacture, and operation of any Designating Person's systems.
2. Access to Designated Material.
A party or its counsel that receives Designated Material (a "Receiving Party") shall not disclose the Designated Material except as expressly permitted in this Order. A Receiving Party shall not disclose or use Designated Material for any purpose (including without limitation, business, technical, or patent prosecution purposes) other than the litigation of this action. A Receiving Party may produce, provide, disclose, or summarize Designated Material only as follows:
a. Parties. A Receiving Party may disclose material or information designated "CONFIDENTIAL" to (i) no more than three (3) officers, directors, and/or employees (other than in-house counsel) of the Receiving Party provided that any such person to whom such material or information is disclosed has signed an Undertaking in the form of Exhibit A hereto and (ii) to those individuals to whom material designated "CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" may be disclosed under the terms of the sub-paragraphs below.
b. Counsel. A Receiving Party may disclose material designated "CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" to outside counsel of record for the Receiving Party, their legal associates, their regularly employed office staffs, and any contractors hired by outside counsel of record for a business purpose (e.g., independent photocopying service, but not technical or damages-related consultants, who are discussed below).
c. Outside Consultants. A Receiving Party may disclose all Designated Material to consultants (and the staff of consultants) expressly engaged to assist outside counsel of record in this litigation (except jury consultants and mock jurors, who are discussed below), provided that any such consultant has signed an Undertaking in the form of Exhibit A hereto, which is received by counsel for the opposing party and by the Producing Party and the Designating Person at least ten (10) days prior to the disclosure. Before disclosing any Designated Material to an expert or consultant, counsel shall provide to the other parties a copy of a resume or curriculum vitae describing in detail (1) the expert or consultant's employment history, and (2) every litigation-related consulting relationship in which such expert or consultant is currently engaged or has been engaged in the past four years, and (3) a description of any relationship between the consultant and each party in the last four years. Consultants shall not be current or former officers or directors of a party. Consultants shall not be current employees of a party. A party shall not retain as a consultant an individual who was an ex-employee of another party who left such employment less than three (3) years ago; provided, however, that a notified party may still object to the employment of an ex-employee who left employment more than three (3) years ago, so long as such objection is made in accordance with and in time period set forth below for objections to outside consultants. The notified parties shall have ten (10) business days from receipt of the notice to deliver to the notifying party written objections, if any, setting forth in detail the reasons therefore. Upon timely objection, disclosure of Designated Material to the consultant shall not be made, subject to a successful motion for relief brought by the party seeking disclosure. Absent timely objection, the consultant shall be deemed approved. However, a Receiving Party shall not disclose Designated Material to such consultants until after the ten (10) day period for objection has lapsed. Employees and staff of a consultant working under his control, and not themselves consultants, are not required to sign an Undertaking in the form of Exhibit A.
d. Court Personnel. All Designated Material filed with the Court may be disclosed to and viewed by the Court, appropriate Court personnel, and Court reporters as necessary without the need of further order of this Court.
e. Authors and Addressees. A Receiving Party may disclose documents designated "CONFIDENTIAL," or "CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" to:
(i) any person who appears as an author or addressee on the face of the document or any person who has been established as an author of the Designated Material by other proof; or (ii) any officer, director, regular employee or attorney (including legal assistants and regularly employed office staff) of the party producing the document or Designating Person. As to persons identified in item (i), unless a person appears as an author or addressee on the face of the document, the person's status as an author or recipient of a confidential document shall be established before the document is disclosed to that person.
f. Court Reporters and Videographers. Any court reporter or transcriber who reports or transcribes testimony in this action at a deposition shall agree to be bound by this Order by signing an Undertaking in the form of Exhibit B for court reporters and videographers, before recording or transcribing or translating any such testimony including or discussing Designated Material, and shall agree that all such Designated Material revealed at the deposition is and shall remain confidential and shall not be disclosed by such reporter or transcriber, except to the counsel of record for each party and any other person who is present when such testimony is being given, and that copies of any transcript, reporter's notes, or any other transcription record of any Designated Material shall be retained in confidence and safekeeping by such reporter or videographer, or shall be delivered to the undersigned attorneys.
g. Other Persons. All Designated Material may be disclosed to other persons who are subsequently designated by agreement of the parties, or by order of the Court upon motion by a party.
h. Jury Consultants and Mock Jurors. A Receiving Party may disclose all Designated Material to jury consultants engaged by the Receiving Party and to mock jurors engaged by any jury consultant in preparation for trial, provided that (i) no such persons are officers, directors, or employees of any of the parties to this action; (ii) that any such jury consultants sign an Undertaking in the form of Exhibit A hereto; (iii) that any such mock jurors agree in writing to keep all information obtained during the mock proceeding confidential ("Confidentiality Agreement"); (iv) that such Undertakings and Confidentiality Agreements be retained under the control of counsel until final termination of this action; and (v) that no Designated Material of another party shall be left in the possession of any mock juror.
i. Jurisdiction. Each person to whom all or part of the Designated Material is disclosed or otherwise furnished agrees to subject himself/herself to the jurisdiction of the Court in which this action is pending for the purpose of proceedings relating to the performance under, compliance with or violation of this Protective Order.
3. Use of Designated Materials
A Receiving Party shall not use Designated Material for any purpose (including, without limitation, business, technical, or patent prosecution purposes) other than the litigation of the above captioned litigation. This limitation on the use of Designated Material includes not using Designated Material to draft, modify, or amend patent applications and/or claims to cover processes of the party producing the Designated Material. To effectuate this limitation on the use of Designated Material, each person to whom all or part of the Designated Material is disclosed or otherwise furnished under this Order, including without limitation outside counsel and consultants, is barred by this Court from the preparation or prosecution of any U.S. or foreign patent applications, including continuation, continuation-in-part, divisional, or reissue patent applications in the subject area (including but not limited to technology concerning stored value cards and processing stored value card ...