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Monger v. Sisto


September 9, 2008



Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se. Plaintiff seeks relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and has filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915. This proceeding was referred to the undersigned magistrate judge in accordance with Local Rule 72-302 and 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).

The court is required to screen all complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or an officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The court must dismiss a complaint or claims within a complaint if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally frivolous or malicious, that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.

28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1) and (2).

In the present case, plaintiff has filed a complaint, challenging conditions of confinement at CSP-Solano. Specifically, plaintiff alleges that defendant Sisto is denying him access to the law library. The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995, 42 U.S.C. § 1997e was amended to provide that "[n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted." 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). The United States Supreme Court has considered "whether or not a remedial scheme is 'available' where . . . the administrative process has authority to take some action in response to a complaint, but not the remedial action an inmate demands to the exclusion of all other forms of redress." Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 736 (2001). The Supreme Court concluded that Congress has mandated exhaustion of prison administrative procedures "regardless of the relief offered through [such] procedures." Id. at 741. In addition, the Court emphasized that it "will not read futility or other exceptions into statutory exhaustion requirements where Congress has provided otherwise." Id. at 741 n.6.

Under regulations governing prison grievance procedures in California, state prisoners "may appeal any departmental decision, action, condition, or policy which they can reasonably demonstrate as having an adverse effect upon their welfare." Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, § 3084.1(a). The administrative appeal system progresses from an informal review through three formal levels of review. See Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, §§ 3084.1-3084.7. In light of the Supreme Court's holding in Booth v. Churner, a California prisoner must file a prison grievance on all claims challenging prison conditions and, as a general rule, proceed to the Director's level of review prior to bringing a § 1983 action on those claims, regardless of whether the relief sought by the prisoner is available through the administrative appeal system.

A prisoner's concession to nonexhaustion is a valid ground for dismissal of an action. Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120 (9th Cir. 2003). On plaintiff's original complaint form, Question II.A. asks "Is there a grievance procedure available at your institution?" Plaintiff has checked the "Yes" box. Question II.B. on the complaint form asks "Have you filed a grievance concerning the facts relating to this complaint?" Plaintiff has checked the "No" box. Plaintiff claims that, "to file an appeal would be futile." (Compl. at 4-5.) If a court concludes, as it does here, that a prisoner has not exhausted administrative remedies, "the proper remedy is dismissal of the claim without prejudice." Wyatt, 315 F.3d at 1120. Accordingly, given plaintiff's acknowledgment of non-exhaustion, the undersigned will recommend that this action be dismissed without prejudice due to plaintiff's failure to exhaust administrative remedies prior to filing suit.*fn1

Plaintiff is informed that if he decides to file a new action, he should not include this case number on the new complaint. In addition, the new complaint should be accompanied by a properly completed, updated application to proceed in forma pauperis.

In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:

1. Plaintiff's May 14, 2008 application to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. No. 2) be denied; and

2. This action be dismissed without prejudice for failure to exhaust available administrative remedies before bringing the action.

These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty days after being served with these findings and recommendations, plaintiff may file written objections with the court. A document containing objections should be titled "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. See Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).

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