The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Stephen G. Larson, United States District Judge
PROCEEDINGS: ORDER REQUIRING FILING OF RICO CASE STATMENT
Plaintiffs have filed a RICO claim against defendants alleging in the broadest possible of terms that defendants engaged in a pattern and practice of using, via the mails, the non-judicial foreclosure procedures of the state to foreclose on properties that it did not have the right to do so (ostensibly because defendants were not in possession of or could not produce the note upon which said foreclosure was predicated). Indeed, the breadth with which plaintiffs have alleged their RICO claim against defendants is only matched with the brevity with which they have gone about doing so. The claim literally occupies a few paragraphs in the complaint, comprising little more than one page. A RICO claim that is grounded in fraud requires much more particularity than that provided in plaintiff's complaint, in particular the exact misconduct and the basis for liability involved must be pleaded. See Swartz v. KPMG LLP, 476 F.3d 756, 764-65 (9th Cir. 2007); Concha v. London, 62 F.3d 1493, 1502-03 (9th Cir. 1995); Alan Neuman Prod., Inc. v. Albright, 862 F.2d 1388, 1392-93 (9th Cir. 1988); Vess v. Ciba-Geigy Corp., 317 F.3d 1097, 1103-04 (9th Cir.2003)(observing that Rule 9(b) may apply to claims that although lacking fraud as an element are "grounded" or "sound" in fraud). Given these deficiencies in the complaint as it now stands, plaintiffs are directed to file a RICO case statement, attached as exhibit A.
Plaintiffs shall file, within fourteen (14) days hereof, a RICO case statement. If plaintiffs do not file and serve a RICO case statement within fourteen (14) days hereof, this will be deemed by the Court as plaintiffs' withdrawal of the RICO claim and will result in the automatic summary dismissal of that claim from the complaint. If plaintiffs file a RICO case statement within fourteen days, the complaint will be deemed amended to include the RICO case statement.
The RICO case statement shall include the facts plaintiffs are relying upon to initiate this RICO claim as a result of the "reasonable inquiry" required by Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In particular, this statement shall be in a form which uses the numbers and letters as set forth below, and shall state in detail and with specificity the following information:
1. State whether the alleged unlawful conduct is in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1962(a), (b), (c), and/or
2. List each defendant and state the alleged misconduct and basis of liability of each.
3. List the alleged wrongdoers, other than the defendants listed above, and state the alleged misconduct of each wrongdoer.
4. List the alleged victims and state how each victim was allegedly injured.
5. Describe in detail the pattern of racketeering activity or collection of unlawful debts alleged for each RICO claim. A description of the pattern of racketeering shall include the following
a. List the alleged predicate acts and the specific statutes which were allegedly violated;
b. Provide the dates of the predicate acts, the participants in the predicate acts, and a description of the facts surrounding the predicate acts;
c. If the RICO claim is based on the predicate offense of fraud, the "circumstances constituting fraud ... shall be stated with particularity." Fed.R.Civ.P. 9(b). Identify the time, place and contents of the alleged misrepresentations, and the identity of ...