Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Gorton v. Todd

January 26, 2009

CHARLES ROBERT GORTON, PLAINTIFF,
v.
TODD, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER

Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se. He seeks relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and has requested authority pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 to proceed in forma pauperis. This proceeding was referred to this court by Local Rule 72-302 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).

Plaintiff has submitted a declaration that makes the showing required by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Accordingly, the request to proceed in forma pauperis will be granted.

Plaintiff is required to pay the statutory filing fee of $350.00 for this action. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1914(a), 1915(b)(1). Plaintiff has been without funds for six months and is currently without funds. Accordingly, the court will not assess an initial partial filing fee. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). Plaintiff is obligated to make monthly payments of twenty percent of the preceding month's income credited to plaintiff's prison trust account. These payments shall be collected and forwarded by the appropriate agency to the Clerk of the Court each time the amount in plaintiff's account exceeds $10.00, until the filing fee is paid in full. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2).

The court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2).

A claim is legally frivolous when it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989); Franklin v. Murphy, 745 F.2d 1221, 1227-28 (9th Cir. 1984). The court may, therefore, dismiss a claim as frivolous where it is based on an indisputably meritless legal theory or where the factual contentions are clearly baseless. Neitzke, 490 U.S. at 327. The critical inquiry is whether a constitutional claim, however inartfully pleaded, has an arguable legal and factual basis. See Jackson v. Arizona, 885 F.2d 639, 640 (9th Cir. 1989); Franklin, 745 F.2d at 1227.

A complaint must contain more than a "formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action;" it must contain factual allegations sufficient to "raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, __ U.S. __, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 1965 (2007). "The pleading must contain something more...than...a statement of facts that merely creates a suspicion [of] a legally cognizable right of action." Id., quoting 5 C. Wright & A. Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure 1216, pp. 235-235 (3d ed. 2004). In reviewing a complaint under this standard, the court must accept as true the allegations of the complaint in question, Hospital Bldg. Co. v. Rex Hospital Trustees, 425 U.S. 738, 740 (1976), construe the pleading in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and resolve all doubts in the plaintiff's favor. Jenkins v. McKeithen, 395 U.S. 411, 421 (1969).

The gravamen of this action is plaintiff's claim that defendants delayed in treating his kidney disease. Plaintiff has stated a colorable claim for relief against defendants Hawkins, Smith, Nale, Williams, Rad, Chin, Pappoe and Don.

The only specific claims against defendants Todd and Houser are that they ignored plaintiff's physical symptoms. Plaintiff does not allege how his symptoms were presented to these defendants. Because the claim against these defendants is vague and conclusory, the court cannot determine whether plaintiff has stated a colorable claim. Accordingly, the claims against defendants Todd and Houser are dismissed with leave to amend.

Plaintiff alleges that on May 16, 2007, he was rushed to defendant Doctor's Hospital in Manteca due to complete renal failure. Plaintiff alleges that defendant Dr. Khan, ordered blood work. Defendant Khan allegedly told plaintiff that the results of the test would take some time and that depending on the results, a kidney biopsy would be needed. Plaintiff alleges that these test results were ignored by defendant Doctor's Hospital because they failed to follow up with the diagnostic prognosis by providing the test results to Mule Creek State Prison.

Plaintiff goes on to allege that on May 18, 2007, defendant Hawkins referred plaintiff to the UC Davis Nephrology Department on a "routine" basis. Plaintiff alleges that when he arrived at UC Davis for the consultation on July 27, 2007, it was determined that Mule Creek State Prison failed to send plaintiff's medical records and the lab test results from Doctor's Hospital. Based on these allegations, it is clear that the test results from defendant Doctor's Hospital were forwarded to the prison. In addition, there is no claim by plaintiff that the alleged failure by defendant Khan or defendant Doctor's Hospital to timely send the results to the prison caused his delay in receiving the consultation. Rather, it was caused by defendant Dr. Hawkins requesting the consultation on a "routine" basis. For these reasons, the court finds that plaintiff has failed to state a colorable claim against defendant Dr. Khan.

With regard to defendant Doctor's Hospital, the court will assume at the pleading level, that plaintiff has sufficiently alleged that defendant Doctor's Hospital acted under color of state law in providing him with medical services. See West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 54, 108 S.Ct. 2250 (1988). However, plaintiff includes no specific allegations demonstrating how defendant Doctor's Hospital caused the alleged deprivations.

The Civil Rights Act under which this action was filed provides as follows: Every person who, under color of [state law] . . . subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States . . . to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution . . . shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.

42 U.S.C. § 1983. The statute requires that there be an actual connection or link between the actions of the defendants and the deprivation alleged to have been suffered by plaintiff. See Monell v. Department of Social Servs., 436 U.S. 658 (1978); Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362 (1976). "A person 'subjects' another to the deprivation of a constitutional right, within the meaning of ยง 1983, if he does an affirmative act, participates in another's affirmative acts or omits to perform an act which he is ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.