IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
February 13, 2009
KRISTA GARCIA, BY AND THROUGH HER GUARDIAN AD LITEM LORRAINE MARIN, PLAINTIFF,
CLOVIS UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT, DOUGLAS BURNS, BARRY JAGER, GREG BASS, ANN-MAURA CERVANTES, MAI YIA MOUA, AND DOES 1 THROUGH 20, INCLUSIVE, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Anthony W. Ishii Chief United States District Judge
ORDER FOR ADDITIONAL BRIEFING REGARDING POSSIBLE APPLICATION OF 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)
Currently pending before the Court for decision is a motion to dismiss by all Defendants, except Defendant Douglas Burns. There are currently thirteen causes of action in this case, only two of which are federal claims.*fn1 The state claims include four intentional torts, two violations of the California Education Code, three negligence causes of action, one negligence per se claim, and one claim under California Civil Code § 51.9.*fn2 The two federal claims are a Title XI sexual harassment claim against only the School District and a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 claim against only Burns for violating Plaintiff's "rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and law of the United States of America to be free from sexual discrimination and sexual harassment." Complaint at pp. 12-13.
Upon further review, the Court believes that additional briefing is necessary. Under 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c) , a Court may decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over a claim if the claim raises a novel or complex issue of state law, the claim substantially predominates over the claim or claims over which the district court has original jurisdiction, the court has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction, or other compelling reasons exist in exceptional circumstances. 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c); Executive Software N. Am. v. United States Dist. Ct., 24 F.3d 1545, 1556-60 (9th Cir. 1994). A Court may raise a § 1367(c) issue sua sponte . See Acri v. Varian Assocs., 114 F.3d 999, 1001 n.3 (9th Cir. 1997); RE-Sources for Sustainable Cmtys. v. Bldg. Indus. Ass'n, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 46108, *8-*9 (W.D. Wash. June 11, 2008). With the exception of § 1367(c)(3), given the claims and arguments presented, it appears to the Court that 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c) may apply. Cf. Betancourt v. Marine Cargo Mgmt., 930 F.Supp. 606 (S.D. Fla. 1996). In light of this concern, the Court will order limited briefing on this issue.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. The parties are to file separate briefs regarding the application of 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c) to this case on or by February 24, 2009;
2. The parties are to then file separate responding briefs on or by March 3, 2009.
IT IS SO ORDERED.