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Gonzalez v. Felker

February 17, 2009

SALVADOR GONZALEZ, PLAINTIFF,
v.
FELKER, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Craig M. Kellison United States Magistrate Judge

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Plaintiff, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pending before the court is plaintiff's third amended complaint (Doc. 18).

The court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if it: (1) is frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1), (2). Moreover, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that complaints contain a ". . . short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). This means that claims must be stated simply, concisely, and directly. See McHenry v. Renne, 84 F.3d 1172, 1177 (9th Cir. 1996) (referring to Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(e)(1)). These rules are satisfied if the complaint gives the defendant fair notice of the plaintiff's claim and the grounds upon which it rests. See Kimes v. Stone, 84 F.3d 1121, 1129 (9th Cir. 1996). Because plaintiff must allege with at least some degree of particularity overt acts by specific defendants which support the claims, vague and conclusory allegations fail to satisfy this standard. Additionally, it is impossible for the court to conduct the screening required by law when the allegations are vague and conclusory.

I. PLAINTIFF'S ALLEGATIONS

Plaintiff names the following as defendants: Felker, Foulk, Peery, Lockard, Lemon, Lynn, Doosenberry, Tampien, Epperson, Camire, Ruggero, Moore, French, Miller, and Ingwerson.*fn1 He states that, on January 16, 2007, correctional officer Sears came to his cell block to escort a prisoner in a neighboring cell to a medical appointment. According to plaintiff, at that time defendant Sears inquired as to "why were the Southerners, Northerners, Whites, and Blacks covering their cell windows." Plaintiff said he didn't know what Sears was talking about. Plaintiff states that, about an hour later, Sears returned, this time with correctional officer Campbell. At that time, Sears told plaintiff: "I guess everyone is mad 'cause of the lockdowns, but they came to an agreement with the Southern Mexicans."

Plaintiff states that, later, he spoke with correctional officer Campbell who said that the guards were upset about the windows being covered earlier and that they wanted to "cell extract" a "Mexican national." He adds that correctional officer Campbell then covered every cell window from the outside and, after that, the electricity and ventilation were turned off.

Following this, plaintiff heard "yelling and banging" and he smelled "some type of chemical." Plaintiff states that he has asthma and was having a hard time breathing.

Plaintiff alleges that, several hours later, prison guards arrived in an "aggressive manner" to "cell extracts us for no reason." He states that he was falsely accused of covering his cell window. He claims that the guards were angry and disrespectful and that he feared for his safety. Plaintiff says that "[t]his was done under then acting warden Felker, who is legally responsible for the operations" at the prison. Plaintiff states that defendants Foulk, Peery, Lynn, Lemon, and Lockard "authorized and supervised the cell extraction."

When the guards came to his cell door to extract him, plaintiff states he felt safer in his cell. He was ordered by defendant Lockard to "turn on my bright lights" and that he complied. He states that, due to noise, he was unable to hear what was being said next, but he assumed he was being ordered to submit to mechanical restraints. Plaintiff alleges that he told the guards that he has asthma, his ankle was sprained, and that he could not hear their orders over the noise. According to plaintiff, "[a]ll of a sudden Sgt. Lemon throws some type of gas grenade in my cell." He states he felt like he was suffocating. He states that when he asked for help, defendants Peery, Lemon, Lockard, and Lynn "all just stared at me as did the rest of the guards." Plaintiff claims he was "forced to go through the naked cell search procedure twice for no reason, but to keep me suffering the effects of the gas longer." He was then "paraded" in front of 50-100 guards and staff, some of whom were female, who were watching and laughing.

According to plaintiff, after being led out of the cell, he was forced to remain naked and in mechanical restraints. Plaintiff states that, during the cell extraction, defendant Camire held a shield, Sears and defendant Moore held a baton, defendant Tampien held handcuffs, defendant Ruggero held leg irons, and defendant Epperson filmed the incident. He alleges that defendant "Doosenberry knew exactly what was going on and let the abuse proceed by opening the cell door from the tower." Plaintiff claims that defendants French and Miller "gave the clearance for me to be gassed and cell extracted, knowing I had asthma and could not be cell extracted in that manner."

Plaintiff states that he was then taken to the showers and asked by a nurse if he was okay, to which he responded that he was. However, plaintiff states that he only said he was okay "due to the shock of what had just happened." According to plaintiff, after returning to his cell from the showers, he was still naked and all his property had been taken by correctional officers Zinn and Turner. He states that he did not have access to clothing or hygiene items for the next 24 hours. When clothing was provided, he was only given socks, a shirt, and boxer shorts. Plaintiff states that his required medication, including inhalers, was not returned. He also states that his legal property was not returned and that, despite a sprained ankle, he was not provided any bandages. He states that his property was withheld for 52 days "as a reprisal for filing administrative appeals."

As to plaintiff's administrative grievance, he states that defendant Lockard "pulled me out to his office for a so-called interview." According to plaintiff, defendants Lemon and Lynn were at this meeting and that defendant Lockard told plaintiff "in a disrespectful and threatening manner" to drop his inmate grievance or "he would make sure that everyone's property gets 'lost' and no one would receive their property, and that he would place me on their black list." Plaintiff states that the other officers present also demanded that he abandon his administrative grievance. Plaintiff claims that, rather than signing or responding to the grievance, defendant Lockard crumpled it up, threw it at him, then stuffed it in his shirt pocket. Plaintiff states that his grievance was ultimately denied due to a "code of silence."

Plaintiff alleges that he was falsely accused of participating in a mass disturbance and issued a rules violation based on this charge. Without referencing any specific named defendants, plaintiff outlines a number of alleged procedural violations with respect to ...


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