The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dennis L. Beck United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING DISMISSAL OF CERTAIN DEFENDANTS (Docs. 7, 8)
RESPONSE DUE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS
I. Findings and Recommendations Following Screening of Complaint
Plaintiff Luis Gordiano Vergara ("Plaintiff") is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971), which provides a remedy for violation of civil rights by federal actors. Plaintiff filed his complaint onMay 2, 2008. (Doc. 1.)
On January 14, 2009, the Court issued an order finding that Plaintiff's allegations give rise to cognizable claims for relief under Bivens against defendants Datray, Cobbs, Cole, and Orosco for violating Plaintiff's Eighth Amendment rights. (Doc. 7.) However, the Court found that Plaintiff's allegations do not give rise to any claims for relief against defendants Silva and Shank. (Id.) The Court ordered Plaintiff to either file an amended complaint or notify the Court that he wishes to proceed only on his cognizable Eighth Amendment claims. (Id.) On February 13, 2009, Plaintiff notified the Court that he does not wish to amend and wishes to proceed only on his cognizable Eighth Amendment claims. (Doc. 8.) Based on Plaintiff's notice, the instant Findings and Recommendations now issues.
The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2). "Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action or appeal . . . fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
B. Pleading Requirement- Rule 8(a)
"Rule 8(a)'s simplified pleading standard applies to all civil actions, with limited exceptions," none of which applies to section 1983 actions. Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N. A., 534 U.S. 506, 512 (2002); Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 8(a). Pursuant to Rule 8(a), a complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief . . . ." Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 8(a). "Such a statement must simply give the defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Swierkiewicz, 534 U.S. at 512. A court may dismiss a complaint only if it is clear that no relief could be granted under any set of facts that could be proved consistent with the allegations. Id. at 514. "'The issue is not whether a plaintiff will ultimately prevail but whether the claimant is entitled to offer evidence to support the claims. Indeed it may appear on the face of the pleadings that a recovery is very remote and unlikely but that is not the test.'" Jackson v. Carey, 353 F.3d 750, 755 (9th Cir. 2003) (quoting Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 236 (1974)); see also Austin v. Terhune, 367 F.3d 1167, 1171 (9th Cir. 2004) ("'Pleadings need suffice only to put the opposing party on notice of the claim . . . .'" (quoting Fontana v. Haskin, 262 F.3d 871, 977 (9th Cir. 2001))). However, "the liberal pleading standard . . . applies only to a plaintiff's factual allegations." Neitze v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 330 n.9 (1989). "[A] liberal interpretation of a civil rights complaint may not supply essential elements of the claim that were not initially pled." Bruns v. Nat'l Credit Union Admin., 122 F.3d 1251, 1257 (9th Cir. 1997) (quoting Ivey v. Bd. of Regents, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982)).
C. Summary of Plaintiff's Complaint
Plaintiff is currently a federal prisoner at Coleman Federal Correctional Complex in Coleman, Florida. Plaintiff was formerly imprisoned at United States Penitentiary-Atwater, in Atwater, California, where the acts he complains of occurred. Plaintiff names as defendants: Unit Manager Orosco; Lieutenants D. Datray and Cobbs; and Officers Cole, Silva, and Shank.
Plaintiff alleges the following. Plaintiff had contacted Orosco both verbally and by writing that there was a problem with Plaintiff's presence in Unit 3-A. Other inmates wanted Plaintiff to participate in illegal activities, and Plaintiff refused. These inmates threatened to harm Plaintiff. Plaintiff requested a move from 3-A to 3-B. After receiving no assistance from Orosco, Plaintiff informed Datray, Cobbs, and Cole of his situation. Datray and Cobbs told Orosco, but Orosco refused to move him. (Doc. 1, pp. 2, 5.)
On April 13, 2007, Plaintiff was severely assaulted by several inmates in front of a guard tower. Other correctional officers failed to ...