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Janoe v. Tilton

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


February 24, 2009

BOBBY SHAWN JANOE, PETITIONER,
v.
JAMES TILTON, RESPONDENT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Janis L. Sammartino United States District Judge

ORDER: DENYING PETITIONER'S APPLICATION FOR A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY (Doc. No. 19.)

Bobby Shawn Janoe filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. On December 9, 2008, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), Magistrate Judge Louisa S. Porter issued a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") that the Court deny the petition. (Doc. No. 15.) Petitioner did not file objections. Therefore, on February 2, 2009, the Court satisfied itself that there was no clear error on the face of the record, and adopted Magistrate Judge Porter's R&R. (Doc. No. 16.) On February 19, 2009, Petitioner filed a notice of appeal (Doc. No. 18) and a motion for certificate of appealability. (Doc. No. 19.)

A certificate of appealability is authorized "if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2) (2008). "A petitioner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that jurists of reason could disagree with the district court's resolution of his constitutional claims or that jurists could conclude the issues presented are adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327 (2003); see also Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000). The Court must either (1) grant the certificate of appealability indicating which issues satisfy the required showing or (2) state why a certificate should not issue. Fed. R. App. P. 22(b).

In this case, the pertinent legal question is whether the Court should have adopted Magistrate Judge Porter's R&R. Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) set forth the duties of a district court in connection with a magistrate judge's report and recommendation. Since Petitioner did not object to the R&R,*fn1 the Rule states that the Court need "only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record." Fed. R. Civ. P. 72, Advisory Committee Notes (1983) (citing Campbell v. U.S. Dist. Court, 501 F.2d 196, 206 (9th Cir. 1974)).

Here, the certificate should not issue because reasonable jurists would agree that Magistrate Judge Porter's R&R did not contain clear error. Therefore, reasonable jurists would agree that the Court was correct in adopting that R&R, denying the petition, and denying the request for an evidentiary hearing. Accordingly, the Court DENIES Petitioner's requests for a certificate of appealability.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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