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Campbell v. Toyota Motor Sales

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


March 2, 2009

GREGORY CAMPBELL, PLAINTIFF,
v.
TOYOTA MOTOR SALES, USA, INC., DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: M. James Lorenz United States District Court Judge

ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITHOUT PREJUDICE

On February 25, 2009, plaintiff filed the above-captioned case. The complaint sets forth that the Court has original jurisdiction over this case "because the action alleges claims pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 2310." (Complaint at 1.)

The federal court is one of limited jurisdiction. See Gould v. Mutual Life Ins. Co. of N.Y., 790 F.2d 769, 774 (9th Cir. 1986). It possesses only that power authorized by the Constitution or a statute. See Bender v. Williamsport Area Sch. Dist., 475 U.S. 534, 541 (1986). Federal courts can adjudicate only those cases that arise under the United States Constitution, treaties, federal statutes, administrative regulations or federal common law, or are based upon diversity of citizenship. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co., 511 U.S. 375 (1994). "'Without jurisdiction the court cannot proceed at all in any cause. Jurisdiction is power to declare the law, and when it ceases to exist, the only function remaining to the court is that of announcing the fact and dismissing the case.'" Steel Co. v. Citizens for a Better Environment, 523 U.S. 83, 94 (1998) quoting Ex Parte McCardle, 74 U.S. (7 Wall.) 506, 514 (1868)). It is the plaintiff's burden to establish the court's subject matter jurisdiction. Thompson v. McCombe, 99 F.3d 352, 353 (9th Cir. 1996).

As noted above, plaintiff references 15 U.S.C. § 2310,*fn1 in his assertion of subject matter jurisdiction based on a federal question but no violation of section 2310 or any other federal statute is alleged in the body of the complaint against the defendant. Rather, plaintiff exclusively alleges various state law causes of action. In the absence of any allegations of violation of a federal statute by defendant, plaintiff has not established subject matter jurisdiction. The Complaint must be dismissed without prejudice.

Although not a jurisdictional prerequisite, there is no assertion in the complaint that venue is proper in this district. If plaintiff intends to file an amended complaint, he should set forth why venue in this district is appropriate.

On its face, plaintiff's complaint does not provide a basis for the exercise of subject matter jurisdiction. Accordingly, plaintiff's complaint is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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