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Knight v. Rios

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


April 16, 2009

WADE KNIGHT, PETITIONER,
v.
H.A. RIOS, JR., RESPONDENT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Anthony W. Ishii Chief United States District Judge

ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION, DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS, AND DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO TERMINATE ACTION [Doc. 5]

Petitioner is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.

On February 4, 2009, the Magistrate Judge issued Findings and Recommendation that the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus be DISMISSED. This Findings and Recommendation was served on all parties and contained notice that any objections were to be filed within thirty (30) days of the date of service of the order.

On March 2, 2009, Petitioner filed timely objections, along with a supplement, to the Findings and Recommendation. (Court Docs. 7-8.)

In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(C), this Court has conducted a de novo review of the case. Having carefully reviewed the entire file, including Petitioner's objections, the Court concludes that the Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendation is supported by the record and proper analysis. Petitioner's objections present no grounds for questioning the Magistrate Judge's analysis. As explained by the Magistrate Judge, 28 U.S.C. § 2255 provides that a federal prisoner attacking his sentence "may move the court which imposed the sentence to vacate, set aside or correct the sentence." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(a). In general, Section 2255 "provides the exclusive procedural mechanism by which a federal prisoner may test the legality of detention." Harrison v. Ollison, 519 F.3d 952, 955 (9th Cir. 2008); Lorentsen v. Hood, 223 F.3d 950, 953 (9th Cir. 2000). A federal court cannot consider a petition for habeas relief pursuant to Section 2241 unless it appears that the petitioner's remedy under Section 2255 is "inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(e); Stephens v. Herrera, 464 F.3d 895, 897 (9th Cir. 2006), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 127 S.Ct. 1896 (2007). A federal prisoner cannot avoid restrictions on the availability of a Section 2255 motion through a petition under Section 2241. Stephens, 464 F.3d at 897; Moore v. Reno, 185 F.3d 1054, 1055 (9th Cir. 1999) (per curiam). A federal prisoner may avail himself of Section 2255's escape hatch only when he "(1) makes a claim of actual innocence, and (2) has not had an unobstructed procedural shot at presenting that claim." Stephens, 464 F.3d at 898; Ivy v. Pontesso, 328 F.3d 1057, 1060 (9th Cir.2003).

Here, Petitioner has failed to demonstrate that his remedy under Section 2255 is "inadequate or ineffective." Petitioner refers to himself as being innocent of the exact sentence he received because his sentence was not lowered when the restitution amount was corrected. However, Petitioner does not claim that he did not engage in the conduct upon which his conviction rests; Nor does he make any showing whatsoever of factual innocence. See Nousley v. United States, 523 U.S. 614, 623 (1998) (actual innocence refers to factual innocence and not mere legal insufficiency). Thus, the court finds Section 2255's escape hatch is not available.*fn1

Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:

1. The Findings and Recommendation issued February 4, 2009, is ADOPTED IN FULL;

2. The Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is DISMISSED;

3. The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to close this action. This terminates this action in its entirety; and,

4. All pending motions are DENIED as moot.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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