Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Robledo v. United States

July 9, 2009

RAFAEL GARCIA ROBLEDO, PETITIONER,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Oliver W. Wanger United States District Judge

MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER DENYING PETITIONER'S MOTION TO VACATE, SET ASIDE OR CORRECT SENTENCE PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 2255 AND DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO ENTER JUDGMENT FOR RESPONDENT

On July 2, 2009, Petitioner Rafael Garcia Robledo, proceeding in pro per, timely filed a motion to vacate, set aside or correct sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255.

Petitioner contends that he was denied the effective assistance of counsel because of counsel's failure to move for a downward departure at sentencing based on Petitioner's ineligibility for participation in the BOP drug treatment program and prerelease custody due to Petitioner's status as a deportable alien. Petitioner further contends that the disparate sentences that result between alien prisoners and United States citizen prisoners as a consequence of an immigration detainer violates equal protection of the laws. Petitioner was charged with being a deported alien found in the United States in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) and (b)(2).

Petitioner pleaded guilty on March 16, 2009, pursuant to a written Plea Agreement. Pursuant to the Plea Agreement, 8 Petitioner agreed: 9 (f) The defendant agrees not to move for a downward departure or reduction of his sentence beyond the four (4) level departure agreed to by the government under this plea agreement pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5K3.1. The defendant understands and agrees that this agreement by him includes, but is not limited to, not moving for a downward departure of his offense level, criminal history category, or criminal history points as defined by the United States Sentencing Guidelines. This also includes requesting that any portion of his sentence run concurrent to any criminal justice sentence that he may be serving or is currently serving. Further, defendant shall not argue, by way of reference to factors under 18 U.S.C. § 3553, for a term of imprisonment of less than fifty-one (51) months.

(g) The defendant is aware that Title 18, United States Code, Section 3742 affords a defendant the right to appeal any sentence imposed. Acknowledging this, the defendant knowingly and voluntarily agrees to waive all Constitutional and statutory rights to appeal his conviction and sentence, including, but not limited to an express waiver of appeal of this plea (including any venue and statute of limitations issues) and to attack collaterally his mental competence, and his plea, or his sentence, including but not limited to, filing a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, 28 U.S.C. § 2241, or 18 U.S.C. § 3742, or otherwise. If the defendant ever attempts to vacate his plea, dismiss the underlying charges, or reduce or set aside his sentence on any of the counts to which he is pleading guilty, the government shall have the following rights: (1) to prosecute defendant on any count to which he pleads guilty; (2) to reinstate any counts that may be dismissed under this agreement; and (3) to file any new charges that would otherwise be barred by this agreement. The decision to pursue any or all of these options is solely in the discretion of the United States Attorney's Office. By signing this agreement, the defendant agrees to waive any objections, motions, and defenses he might have to the government's decision, including Double Jeopardy. In particular, he agrees not to raise any objections based on the passage of time with respect to such counts, including, but not limited to, any statutes of limitation or any objections based on the Speedy Trial Act or the Speedy Trial Clause of the Sixth Amendment....

(i) If it is determined that the defendant has violated any provision of this agreement, or if the defendant successfully moves to withdraw his plea: (1) all statements made by the defendant to the government, the Court, or other designated law enforcement agents, or any testimony given by the defendant before a grand jury or other tribunal, whether made before or after this agreement, shall be admissible as evidence in any criminal, civil, or administrative proceedings hereafter brought against the defendant; and (2) the defendant shall assert no claim under the United States Constitution, any statute, the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rule 410 of the Federal Rules of Evidence, or any other federal rule, that statements made by the defendant before or after this agreement, or any leads derived therefrom, should be suppressed. By signing this agreement, the defendant waives any and all rights in the foregoing respects....

Pursuant to the Plea Agreement, the United States agreed:

(a) The government will recommend a two-level reduction (if the offense level is less than 16) or a three-level reduction (if the offense level reaches 16) in the computation of his offense level if the defendant clearly demonstrates acceptance of responsibility for his conduct as defined in Section 3E1.1 of the United States Sentencing Guidelines Manual;

(b) The government will recommend that the defendant's offense level be adjusted downward an additional four (4) levels for agreeing to an 'early disposition' of this case, under U.S.S.G. § 5K3.1, without a trial and without filing any pretrial motions or any objections to the presentence report dated February 6, 2009, and if the defendant is sentenced the same day he pleads guilty; and

(c) The government will recommend that defendant be sentenced at the low end of the applicable U.S. Sentencing Guideline range.

This will result in a term of imprisonment of fifty-one (51) months.

Petitioner was sentenced on March 16, 2009 to a term of 51 months.

Petitioner expressly waived his right to challenge his conviction or sentence pursuant to Section 2255. A defendant may waive the statutory right to bring a Section 2255 motion challenging his conviction or sentence. United States v. Pruitt, 32 F.3d 431, 433 (9th Cir.1994); United States v. Abarca, 985 F.2d 1012, 1014 (9th Cir.1992), cert. denied, 508 U.S. 979 (1993). The Ninth Circuit has ruled that "a plea agreement that waives the right to file a federal habeas petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is unenforceable with respect to an IAC claim that challenges the voluntariness of the waiver." Washington v. Lampert, 422 F.3d 864, 871 (9th Cir.2005), cert. denied, 547 U.S. 1074 (2006). Here, Petitioner makes no claim that the his plea was involuntary or that counsel was ineffective in advising him to accept the waiver of the right to collaterally attack his conviction or sentence in the plea agreement.

Even if Petitioner had not waived his right to collaterally attack his sentence, Petitioner has not demonstrated that counsel was ineffective by failing to move for a downward departure ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.