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Brown v. Kern Valley State Prison


August 27, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable B. Lynn Winmill Chief U. S. District Judge


The Court has before it a Report and Recommendation filed by the United States Magistrate Judge. (Docket No. 45.) The Magistrate Judge recommends that Defendants' Motion to Dismiss be granted based on Plaintiff's failure to exhaust his administrative remedies within the California prison system before initiating this lawsuit. (Id. at 9.) The Magistrate Judge further recommends disposition on other motions filed by the parties. (Id. at 9-10.) Plaintiff has filed timely objections to the Report and Recommendation (Docket No. 47), and the Court now reviews Plaintiff's objections in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C).

Plaintiff first argues that, contrary to the Magistrate Judge's conclusion, he actually exhausted his administrative remedies because he submitted a grievance at the second level of review within the prison's administrative review system, which Plaintiff contends is the final step in the review process. This is essentially the same argument that he made in opposition to the Motion to Dismiss, and the Court rejects it for the same reason as the Magistrate Judge. California's grievance system has three formal levels. CAL. CODE REGS. Tit. 15, § 3084.5(c),(d). As a general rule, completion of the third level, also known as the Director's Level, exhausts the remedy. Id., at § 3084.1(a).

Plaintiff further contends that state prisoners in California who seek only monetary damages do not need to exhaust administrative remedies because damages are unavailable as a remedy within the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDRC). This argument is also unavailing. The United States Supreme Court has held at as long as some relief is available in a prison's administrative review system, the prisoner must exhaust that process even if the type of relief that the prisoner seeks is not available. Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 734 (2001).

Next, Plaintiff contends that prison officials' failure to comply with time limitations in processing his grievance denied him due process of law. He appears to assert that a delay in the processing of his grievance at the second level warranted the filing of this civil rights suit before he had appealed to the third level. With limited exceptions, CDRC regulations require prison officials to return a response at the second level within 30 days if the first formal level is bypassed, as was the case here. CAL. CODE REGS. Tit. 15, § 3084.6(b)(3).

Plaintiff signed his grievance on July 25, 2006, and the appeals coordinator at the prison notified him on August 24 that his grievance had been assigned for a second level response. (Docket No. 47, Exhibit A, p. 1.) In that notification, Plaintiff was informed that if he was dissatisfied with the second level response, he had 15 days in which to forward an appeal to the third level. (Id.) A "due date" for the second level response was listed as September 7, 2006. (Id.) The response was not completed by that date.

Two months later, Plaintiff wrote a letter to the Office of the Inspector General, indicating that his internal grievance had not yet been resolved and that he wanted the Inspector General to investigate the matter independently. (Docket No. 1, Exhibit D, pp. 45-46.) On January 19, 2007, a Deputy Inspector General wrote back and informed Plaintiff that the office had conducted a limited inquiry and had obtained the prison's second level response, dated December 19, 2006. (Docket No. 1, Exhibit D, p. 32.) Plaintiff was told that because it was handled as a staff complaint within the prison, the office would not investigate it further. (Id.)

While it appears that the second level response was not completed and returned to Plaintiff within the time limitations set by the CDRC's regulations, Plaintiff was notified no later than January 2007 that a decision had been issued. Despite this, he filed his civil rights Complaint on March 9, 2007, without completing the third level of review. Regardless whether Plaintiff did not receive a written copy of the second level response until April 2007, he was on notice that a decision had been made long before then, and yet he did not wait for the decision to be returned to him, nor did he request a copy to be sent more quickly, thereby facilitating his appeal to the third level. Rather than exercising diligence so that he could complete the administrative process, Plaintiff chose to come directly to court.

Finally, Plaintiff contends that he submitted a third level appeal within 15 days of the date that he physically received the second level response, complying with the deadline under CDRC regulations, but that the appeal was improperly dismissed as untimely. This Court concurs with the Magistrate Judge that Plaintiff's argument regarding an improper dismissal at the third level of review is immaterial because Plaintiff was required to properly exhaust all of his administrative remedies before filing suit in district court. Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 103 (2006).

All other objections are without merit and will be denied without further comment.

For these reasons, the Court shall adopt the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation in full, and this case shall be dismissed.


NOW THEREFORE IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation (Docket No. 45) is ADOPTED in full.


1. Defendant's Motion to Dismiss (Docket No. 29) is GRANTED.

2. Defendant's Second Request for Extension of Time (Docket No. 27) is DENIED as MOOT.

3. Plaintiff's Motion for Extension of Time (Docket No. 30) is GRANTED insofar as Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and Memorandum of Points and Authority are considered timely filed.

4. Plaintiff's Notice of Obstruction of Justice -- Non Defendants (Calipatria State Prison) and Request for Injunction (Docket No. 37) is DENIED.

5. Plaintiff's Motion for the Appointment of Counsel (Docket No. 38) is DENIED.

6. Plaintiff's Motion to Submit Declaration in Support of Motion of Obstruction of Justice (Docket No. 39) is GRANTED insofar as Plaintiff's Declaration has been filed.

7. Plaintiff's Request for Entry of Default (Docket No. 40) and Request for Default (Docket No. 41) are DENIED.

8. Defendant's Motion to Strike Request for Entry of Default; Motion for Default Judgment; and Declaration of William Brown (Docket No. 43) is DENIED.


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