The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ruben B. Brooks United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION AND DECLARATION FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL [DOC. NO. 7]
Plaintiff Michael Doktoreztk, a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed a civil rights Complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on June 12, 2009 [doc. no. 1].*fn1 He alleged that his constitutional right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment was violated while he was in custody. (Compl. 9-18.) Plaintiff submitted this Motion and Declaration for Appointment of Counsel [doc. no. 7], which was filed nunc pro tunc to August 17, 2009.
In support of his request for appointment of counsel, Dokrorezth asserts the following: (1) The issues in this case are complex; (2) he is indigent and ignorant of the law; (3) he will have difficulty performing research and investigation; (4) the prison law library is inadequate; (5) he will not have the assistance of other inmates; and (6) the trial will likely involve conflicting testimony. (Mot. Decl. Appointment Counsel 1-2.)
28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) provides: "The court may request an attorney to represent any person unable to afford counsel." 28 U.S.C.A. § 1915(e)(1) (West 2009). Yet, "it is well-established that there is generally no constitutional right to counsel in civil cases." United States v. Sardone, 94 F.3d 1233, 1236 (9th Cir. 1996) (citing Hedges v. Resolution Trust Corp. (In re Hedges), 32 F.3d 1360, 1363 (9th Cir. 1994). There is also no constitutional right to appointed counsel to pursue a § 1983 claim. Rand v. Rowland, 113 F.3d 1520, 1525 (9th Cir. 1997) (citing Storseth v. Spellman, 654 F.2d 1349, 1353 (9th Cir. 1981)); accord Campbell v. Burt, 141 F.3d 927, 931 (9th Cir. 1998). Federal courts do not have the authority "to make coercive appointments of counsel." Mallard v. United States Dist. Court, 490 U.S. 296, 310 (1989) (discussing § 1915(d); see also United States v. $292,888.04 in U.S. Currency, 54 F.3d 564, 569 (9th Cir. 1995).
Nevertheless, district courts have discretion, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1), to request attorney representation for indigent civil litigants upon a showing of exceptional circumstances. See Agyeman v. Corrs. Corp. of Am., 390 F.3d 1101, 1103 (9th Cir. 2004) (citing Franklin v. Murphy, 745 F.2d 1221, 1236 (9th Cir. 1984)); Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991); Burns v. County of King, 883 F.2d 819, 824 (9th Cir. 1989).
A finding of the exceptional circumstances of the plaintiff seeking assistance requires at least an evaluation of the likelihood of the plaintiff's success on the merits and an evaluation of the plaintiff's ability to articulate his claims "in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved."
Agyeman, 390 F.3d at 1103 (quoting Wilborn v. Escalderon, 789 F.2d 1328, 1331 (9th Cir. 1986) (citation omitted)). "'Neither of these factors is dispositive and both must be viewed together before reaching a decision.'" Terrell, 935 F.2d at 1017 (quoting Wilborn, 789 F.2d at 1332).
I. Likelihood of Plaintiff's Success on the Merits
To receive court-appointed counsel, Dokrorezth must present a non-frivolous claim that is likely to succeed on the merits. Wilborn, 789 F.2d at 1331. Plaintiff's Complaint purports to state a cause of action for violation of his right under the Eighth Amendment to be free from cruel and unusual punishment. (Compl. 9-18.) In the Complaint, Plaintiff asserts that on August 27, 2007, he was in protective custody, but Defendant Morales allowed inmates from the general population to assault him. (Id.)
"[T]he treatment a prisoner receives and the conditions under which he is confined are subject to scrutiny under the Eighth Amendment." Helling v. McKinney, 509 U.S. 25, 31 (1993). The Eighth Amendment "requires that inmates be furnished with the basic human needs, one of which is 'reasonable safety.'" Id. at 33 (quoting Deshaney v. Winnebago County Dep't of Soc. Servs., 489 U.S. 189, 200 (1989)). A claim that Defendant failed to protect Plaintiff from a substantial risk of serious harm at the hands of other inmates is properly analyzed under the Eighth Amendment. See Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 834 (1994) (citing Helling, 509 U.S. at 35); Wilson v. Seiter, 501 U.S. 294, 303 (1991); Robinson v. Prunty, 249 F.3d 862, 866 (9th Cir. 2001).
Although Plaintiff's allegations are sufficient to state a claim for relief, it is too early for the Court to determine Dokrorezth's likelihood of success on the merits. Without additional factual information, the Court cannot conclude that Plaintiff is likely to succeed. See Bailey, 835 F. Supp. 550, 552 (S.D. Cal. 1993).
II. Plaintiff's Ability To Proceed Without Counsel
To be entitled to appointed counsel, Dokrorezth must also show he is unable to effectively litigate the case pro se in light of the complexity of the issues involved. See Wilborn, 789 F.2d at 1331.
Courts have required that "indigent plaintiffs make a reasonably diligent effort to secure counsel as a prerequisite to the court's appointing counsel for them." Bailey v. Lawford, 835 F. Supp. at 552. Plaintiff has not shown that he made any efforts to secure cousnel. (Mot. Decl. Appointment Counsel 1-2; id. Attach. #1 Mem. P. & A. 1-2.) Thus, he has not made a ...