IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
September 11, 2009
GEORGE E. JACOBS, IV, PLAINTIFF,
ALLEN K. SCRIBNER, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary S. Austin United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR SANCTIONS
Plaintiff, George E. Jacobs, IV, ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
On October 7, 2008, the Court issued an order requiring the parties to notify the Court as to whether a settlement conference before United States Magistrate Judge Nandor Vadas would be beneficial. (Doc. 66.) Defendants and Plaintiff responded in the affirmative on October 15, 2008 and November 3, 2008 respectively. (Docs. 68, 69.) The case was cross-designated to Judge Vadas, who held an unsuccessful settlement conference. (Docs, 70, 75.)
On January 5, 2009, Plaintiff filed a motion seeking sanctions for Defendants' abuse of the settlement process and gamesmanship by advising the Court that a settlement conference would be beneficial, but then failing to make any monetary offers at the settlement conference. (Doc. 76, Mot. for Sanc.) Notably, Plaintiff does not cite any legal authority in support of his request for sanctions.
Defendants filed an opposition stating that they and an authorized California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) representative with full authority to settle the case attended the settlement conference; and while they were not willing to offer any monetary concessions, they would have considered settling the case for a waiver of costs or other non-monetary concessions; but rather than make a counter-offer, Plaintiff terminated the settlement conference. (Doc. 77, Opp, Doc. 77-2, Becker Decl.)
Federal courts have inherent power to impose sanctions for attorney misconduct and such sanctions include an award of attorney's fees, against attorneys and parties for "bad faith" conduct, or "willful disobedience" of a court order. Chambers v. NASCO, Inc., 501 U.S. 32, 43 (1991); Roadway Express, Inc. v. Piper, 447 U.S. 752, 764-766 (1980);In re Akros Installations, Inc., 834 F.2d 1526, 1532 (9th Cir. 1987); see Republic of Philippines v. Westinghouse Elec. Corp., 43 F.3d 65, 73 (3rd Cir. 1995). "Bad faith" means a party or counsel acted "vexatiously, wantonly or for oppressive reasons." Chambers, 501 U.S. at 45-46; see Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. v. Wilderness Society, 421 U.S. 240, 258-259 (1975).
Bad faith is tested objectively. "[A] district court's finding of bad faith or the absence of bad faith in a particular case is a factual determination and may be reversed only if it is clearly erroneous." Ford v. Temple Hosp., 790 F.2d 342, 347 (3rd Cir. 1986); see Baker v. Cerberus, Ltd., 764 F.2d 204, 210 (3rd Cir. 1985);Perichak v. International Union of Elec. Radio, 715 F.2d 78, 79 (3rd Cir. 1983). There must be "some indication of an intentional advancement of a baseless contention that is made for an ulterior purpose, e.g., harassment or delay." Ford, 790 F.2d at 347.
Defendants do not appear to have engaged in bad faith conduct at the settlement conference and/or during the settlement negotiations. Defendants extended an offer which, however disappointing to Plaintiff, is not uncommon in civil litigation. The mere fact that Defendants did not extend a monetary offer of settlement to Plaintiff does not mean that they acted in bad faith.
Accordingly, Plaintiff's motion is HEREBY DENIED, with prejudice.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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