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United States v. Diaz

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


October 1, 2009

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
MARIO DIAZ, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.

ORDER RE: DEFENDANT JOSE VILLASEÑOR'S MOTION FOR SEVERANCE

Defendant Jose Villaseñor is properly joined with twenty-five other defendants in a multi-count indictment charging violations of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) et seq. Because the other defendants contemplate various complex pretrial motions, they have persuaded the court to postpone the start of trial of the first group of defendants until September 21, 2010, which will be more than three years after the filing of the indictment in this case. Villaseñor does not wish to join in any of the pretrial motions, and demands to be tried immediately.

The question presented is whether one defendant's desire for a speedy trial can be sufficient justification for a severance under these circumstances. The court concludes, under applicable Ninth Circuit law, that it can.

The controlling case is United States v. Messer, 197 F.3d 330 (9th Cir. 1999). There, the defendants, who had been fugitives, were tried approximately 21 months after they were arraigned. The court acknowledged that the delay was necessary to preserve the possibility of a joint trial with another defendant, Saccoccia. The court also acknowledged that the appealing defendants never moved for a severance from Saccoccia. Nevertheless, the court reversed the convictions on grounds of the Speedy Trial Act, holding that the "sheer length of the delay," coupled with defendants' "consistent assertions of their right to a speedy trial," militated in favor of finding the delay unreasonable. Id. at 338-39.

Like the defendants in Messner, Villaseñor here has consistently asserted his right to a speedy trial. Moreover, the "sheer length of the delay" here will be almost twice as long as the delay between arraignment and trial in Messner. The government seeks to distinguish Messner on the ground that the delay in bringing Saccoccia to trial in that case resulted from the government's decision to try him first in Rhode Island. The court sees this distinction as insignificant. It was not the reason for the delay but the length of the delay and the defendants' demands for a speedy trial that occasioned the reversal in Messner.

The government also seeks to distinguish Messner on the ground that the court found actual prejudice to the defendants resulting from the delay there. Although it is impossible to predict what evidence or other trial opportunities might be lost to Villaseñor as a result of delaying his trial for another year, the fact that, unlike some of the other defendants, he is not at liberty on bond does work to his prejudice here.

For the foregoing reasons, defendant Jose Angel Villaseñor's motion for severance is hereby GRANTED, and the trial on the charges against him is hereby set to commence at 9:00 a.m., on October 27, 2009. The matter is set for trial confirmation hearing at 8:30 a.m., on October 13, 2009.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

20091001

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