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Peters v. City of Huron

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


October 2, 2009

THEA MCKAY PETERS, PLAINTIFF,
v.
CITY OF HURON, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Anthony W. Ishii Chief United States District Judge

ORDER FOR ADDITIONAL BRIEFING REGARDING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT

On September 8, 2009, Defendant's motion for summary was taken under submission. After further review of the filed materials, the Court believes that additional briefing is necessary.

In the motion for summary judgment, Defendant argues that he had probable cause to arrest Plaintiff under Vehicle Code § 40300.5.*fn1 However, "an arresting officer's state of mind (except for the facts that he knows) is irrelevant to the existence of probable cause." Devenpeck v. Alford, 543 U.S. 146, 153 (2004). The officer's "subjective reason for making the arrest need not be the criminal offense as to which the known facts provide probable cause." Id. As such, "a claim for false arrest turns only on whether probable cause existed to arrest a defendant, and that it is not relevant whether probable cause existed with respect to each individual charge, or, indeed, any charge actually invoked by the arresting officer at the time of arrest. Stated differently, when faced with a claim for false arrest, we focus on the validity of the arrest, and not on the validity of each charge." Jaegly v. Couch, 439 F.3d 149, 154 (2d Cir. 2006); see also Torres v. City of Los Angeles, 548 F.3d 1197, 1207 (9th Cir. 2008) Williams v. Rodriguez, 509 F.3d 392, 399 (7th Cir. 2007); Fox v. DeSoto, 489 F.3d 227, 236 (6th Cir. 2007); United States v. Laville, 480 F.3d 187, 194 (3d Cir. 2007). It appears that the facts of this case may implicate California Penal Code § 647(f), public intoxication. See Cal. Pen. Code § 647(f); People v. Cruz, 44 Cal.4th 636, 674 (2008); Mercer v. Department of Motor Vehicles, 53 Cal.3d 753, 761-62 (1991); People v. Belanger, 243 Cal.App.2d 654, 656-58 (1966). Since this penal code provision was not cited by the parties, the Court will take briefing on the issue.

Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:

1. On or by October 13, 2009, the parties will each submit supplemental briefing, and may submit additional evidence, regarding the impact, if any, of California Penal Code § 647(f) on this case/Defendant's motion;

2. The parties may each file a response to the supplemental briefing on or by October 20, 2009; and

3. To the extent that objections are made as part of the responding materials, replies to such objections may be filed on or by October 23, 2009.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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