IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
October 6, 2009
MERRICK JOSE MOORE, PLAINTIFF,
J. SLOSS, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Plaintiff is a prisoner without counsel seeking relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. He filed a motion for a temporary restraining order and a preliminary injunction. He states that since July 8, 2009, he has been denied access to the law library, legal supplies, books, cases, copies and documents and legal materials related to this case. He states that the library at his institution is inadequate and he is concerned that he will not be able to properly present his case for the December 7, 2009 trial in this action.
A temporary restraining order is available to an applicant for a preliminary injunction when the applicant may suffer irreparable injury before the court can hear the application for a preliminary injunction. Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(b) (motion for preliminary injunction shall be set for hearing at earliest possible time after entry of temporary restraining order); Granny Goose Foods, Inc. v. Brotherhood of Teamsters & Auto Truck Drivers Local No. 70 of Alameda County, 415 U.S. 423, 439 (1974) (temporary restraining order issued in state court expired ten days after action was removed to federal court); Wright, Miller & Kane, Federal Practice & Procedure, § 2951 (2d ed. 1995). Here, the court addresses herein plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction and, accordingly, a temporary restraining order pending that ruling is unnecessary.
A preliminary injunction will not issue unless necessary to prevent threatened injury that would impair the court's ability to grant effective relief in a pending action. Sierra On-Line, Inc. v. Phoenix Software, Inc., 739 F.2d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir. 1984); Gon v. First State Ins. Co., 871 F.2d 863 (9th Cir. 1989). A preliminary injunction represents the exercise of a far reaching power not to be indulged except in a case clearly warranting it. Dymo Indus. v. Tapeprinter, Inc., 326 F.2d 141, 143 (9th Cir. 1964). The Ninth Circuit recently modified its standard for preliminary injunctive relief to conform to the Supreme Court's admonition in Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., ___ U.S. ___, 129 S.Ct. 365, 375-76 (2008), that the moving party must demonstrate that--absent an injunction--irreparable injury is not only possible, but likely.*fn1
Stormans, Inc. v. Selecky, Nos. 07-36039, 07-36040, 2009 WL 1941550 at *13 (9th Cir. July 8, 2009). Under the new standard, "preliminary injunctive relief requires a party to demonstrate 'that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest.'" Stormans, Inc., at 13 (quoting Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., ___ U.S. at ___, 129 S.Ct. at 375-76). In cases brought by prisoners involving conditions of confinement, any preliminary injunction "must be narrowly drawn, extend no further than necessary to correct the harm the court finds requires preliminary relief, and be the least intrusive means necessary to correct the harm." 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a)(2).
Plaintiff fails to show he is entitled to injunctive relief. This action proceeds on plaintiff's claim that defendant retaliated against him while he was housed at High Desert State Prison. In the instant request, plaintiff states that his access to legal materials is limited at his current institution, which is not High Desert, but California State Prison, Los Angeles County. He does not indicate how or why he is likely to succeed on the merits in this action.
Moreover, plaintiff fails to identify the person who is allegedly limiting his ability to access legal materials. Since plaintiff complains of activity occurring at his current institution, and not at High Desert, it is unlikely that defendant is the person against whom plaintiff now seeks injunctive relief. This court is unable to issue an order against individuals who are not parties to a suit pending before it. See Zenith Radio Corp. v. Hazeltine Research, Inc., 395 U.S. 100, 112 (1969).
It is not clear from plaintiff's generalized allegations whether he has been completely denied access to the law library since July 8, 2009, or whether he has had only limited access to the library. Either way, the court notes that "the Constitution does not guarantee a prisoner unlimited access to a law library. Prison officials of necessity must regulate the time, manner, and place in which library facilities are used. The fact that an inmate must wait for a turn to use the library does not necessarily mean that he has been denied meaningful access to the courts." Lindquist v. Idaho State Bd. of Corr., 776 F.2d 851, 858 (9th Cir. 1985) (citations omitted).
Additionally, plaintiff is not specific as to what legal materials are being withheld from him and why he will suffer irreparable harm without the unidentified legal materials. While plaintiff states he has been denied "copies," he again, does not indicate what copies he needs or why he needs them. Currently, plaintiff is not in violation of any court-imposed deadlines, and he does not appear to be having difficulty accessing the court. Should plaintiff be denied access to legal materials that are necessary to pursue this action, however, he should file an administrative grievance at his institution. See Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, § 3084.1(a) (prisoners may appeal "any departmental decision, action, condition, or policy which they can demonstrate as having an adverse effect upon their welfare.").
Although plaintiff is not specific as to the relief he requests, he seems to suggest that he should be transferred to another institution where he might have better access to legal materials. See Dckt. No. 95 at 1 (citing to Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, § 3122(b), which states that an "inmate in a facility without a law library and requesting access to such resources shall be transferred to a facility with a law library of departmental choosing for the period of time needed to complete legal work."). For the reasons stated, however, plaintiff has failed to show that he is entitled to any preliminary injunctive relief.
Accordingly, it is hereby RECOMMENDED that plaintiff's September 8, 2009, motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction (docket no. 95) be denied.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Within 14 days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Turner v. Duncan, 158 F.3d 449, 455 (9th Cir. 1998); Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).