The opinion of the court was delivered by: Anthony W. Ishii Chief United States District Judge
ORDER DISMISSING CITATION INSURANCE CO. and PICO HOLDINGS, INC. IN LIGHT OF THE PARTIES'S RULE 41(a)(1) VOLUNTARY DISMISSAL, AND ORDER VACATING OCTOBER 26, 2009 HEARING CONCRETE (Doc. No. 57)
On September 22, 2009, the parties filed a stipulation for dismissal of Defendants Citation Insurance Company and Pico Holdings, Inc. pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(1).*fn1 The notice is signed by all parties who have appeared in this case.
Rule 41(a)(1), in relevant part, reads: (A) . . . the plaintiff may dismiss an action without a court order by filing: (i) a notice of dismissal before the opposing party serves either an answer or a motion for summary judgment; or (ii) a stipulation of dismissal signed by all parties who have appeared. . . . (B) Unless the notice or stipulation states otherwise, the dismissal is without prejudice.
Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(ii) thus allows the parties to dismiss an action voluntarily, after service of an answer, by filing a written stipulation to dismiss signed by all of the parties who have appeared, although an oral stipulation in open court will also suffice. See Carter v. Beverly Hills Sav. & Loan Asso., 884 F.2d 1186, 1191 (9th Cir. 1989); Eitel v. McCool, 782 F.2d 1470, 1472-73 (9th Cir. 1986). Once the stipulation between the parties who have appeared is properly filed or made in open court, no order of the court is necessary to effectuate dismissal. Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 41(a)(1)(A); Eitel, 782 F.2d at 1473 n.4. "Caselaw concerning stipulated dismissals under Rule 41(a) (1) (ii) is clear that the entry of such a stipulation of dismissal is effective automatically and does not require judicial approval." In re Wolf, 842 F.2d 464, 466 (D.C. Cir. 1989); Gardiner v. A.H. Robins Co., 747 F.2d 1180, 1189 (8th Cir. 1984); see also Gambale v. Deutsche Bank AG, 377 F.3d 133, 139 (2d Cir. 2004); Commercial Space Mgmt. Co. v. Boeing Co., 193 F.3d 1074, 1077 (9th Cir. 1999); cf. Wilson v. City of San Jose, 111 F.3d 688, 692 (9th Cir. 1997) (addressing Rule 41(a)(1)(i) dismissals). "The plaintiff may dismiss some or all of the defendants, or some or all of his claims, through a Rule 41(a)(1) notice," and the dismissal "automatically terminates the action as to the defendants who are the subjects of the notice." Wilson, 111 F.3d at 692; Concha v. London, 62 F.3d 1493, 1506 (9th Cir. 1995).
As the parties have filed a stipulation for dismissal of this case under Rule 41(a)(1) that is signed by all parties who have made an appearance, this case against Citation Insurance Company and Pico Holdings has terminated -- these two defendants are no longer a part of this case. See Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 41(a)(1)(A)(ii); In re Wolf, 842 F.2d at 466; Gardiner, 747 F.2d at 1189; see also Gambale, 377 F.3d at 139; Commercial Space Mgmt, 193 F.3d at 1077; cf. Wilson, 111 F.3d at 692.
Therefore, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:1
1. The October 26, 2009, hearing is VACATED; and
2. The Clerk shall terminate defendants Citation Insurance Company and Pico Holdings in light of the parties's filed and properly signed Rule 41(a)(1)(A) Stipulation Of Dismissal.