The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Michael M. Anello United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS; [Doc. No. 2]
DENYING REQUEST FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL; [Doc. No. 3]
DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND
Plaintiff Grace L. Sandoval, proceeding pro se, has submitted a complaint alleging RICO and personal injury claims against Defendant Donna Mills. Plaintiff also filed a Motion to Proceed in Forma Pauperis ("IFP") [Doc. No. 2]. All parties instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a United States District Court must pay a filing fee. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). An action may proceed despite a plaintiff's failure to prepay the fee only if the plaintiff is granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). See Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999). Based on the information provided by Plaintiff in support of her IFP motion, the Court GRANTS Plaintiff's motion, but solely for the purpose of the motions currently before the Court.
The Court is obligated to review a complaint filed IFP and must dismiss it if it determines that the action is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B); see also Calhoun v. Stahl, 254 F.3d 845 (9th Cir. 2001). "[W]hen determining whether a complaint states a claim, a court must accept as true all allegations of material fact and must construe those facts in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." Resnick v. Hayes, 213 F.3d 443, 447 (9th Cir. 2000).
Plaintiff is attempting to bring a civil action under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO"), 18 U.S.C. § 1962(a), (b), (c) and/or (d), and also indicates personal injury as a cause of action on the Civil Cover Sheet attached to her complaint. (See Complaint, Doc. No. 1, Civil Cover Sheet.) Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1964(c), "[a]ny person injured in his business or property by reason of a violation of section 1962 of this chapter may sue therefor in any appropriate United States district court . . ." The complaint is not sufficient to state a claim under the civil RICO statute, nor does it allege an intelligible personal injury cause of action. In a stream-of-consciousness complaint devoid of any headings or discernible paragraphs, Plaintiff offers an incomprehensible account of alleged criminal activity.
"A civil RICO claim requires allegations of the conduct of an enterprise through a pattern of racketeering activity that proximately caused injury to the plaintiff." Swartz v. KPMG LLP, 476 F.3d 756, 760-61 (9th Cir. 2007). Specifically, the "elements of a civil RICO claim are as follows: (1) conduct (2) of an enterprise (3) through a pattern (4) of racketeering activity (known as predicate acts) (5) causing injury to plaintiff's business or property." Living Designs, Inc. v. E.I. Dupont de Nemours & Co., 431 F.3d 353, 361 (9th Cir. 2005). To establish liability, "one must allege and prove the existence of two distinct entities: (1) a 'person'; and (2) an 'enterprise' that is not simply the same 'person' referred to by a different name." Id. The allegations in the complaint do not provide a basis for an inference that the alleged criminal activity was a part of an enterprise or that the named defendant was engaged in such an enterprise. Accordingly, Plaintiff fails to state a claim for civil RICO violations against Defendant Donna Mills.
Plaintiff's complaint is DISMISSED with leave to amend. Plaintiff is granted thirty (30) days leave from the date this order is "Filed" in which to file a first amended complaint. Plaintiff's amended complaint must be complete in itself without reference to the superseded pleading. See S.D. Cal. Civ. L. R. 15.1. Defendants not named and all claims not re-alleged in the amended complaint will be deemed to have been waived. See King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987). Further, if Plaintiff's amended complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, it may be dismissed without further leave to amend. Plaintiff's motion for appointment of counsel [Doc. No. 3] is DENIED without prejudice to refiling it together with the amended complaint.
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