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Natural Proteins, LLC v. Ocean Protein

November 3, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Richard Seeborg United States Magistrate Judge



Plaintiff Natural Proteins LLC and defendant Ocean Proteins LLC each advance cognizable claims against the other sounding in contract law arising from their failed business dealings. The question raised by this motion is whether Ocean Protein has also stated a claim under the state of Washington's Consumer Protection Act ("the WCPA"). Because claims under the WPCA require an adverse impact to the public interest that Ocean Protein has been unable to allege adequately in two rounds of pleading, the motion to dismiss the second count of the amended counterclaim will be granted, without leave to amend.


Defendant Ocean Protein operates a fishmeal processing plant, which processes fish byproducts such as fish trimmings, heads, and tails, into protein products such as fish meal, bone meal, and fish oil. The residual waste from Ocean Protein's operations is a liquid known in the industry as "stick water." Stick water has a bad odor and, according to Ocean Protein, is classified as industrial waste water, posing unique and expensive issues with its disposal.

Natural Proteins develops and implements technology for the treatment of waste, including that created from fish processing. In January of 2007, Natural Proteins and Ocean Protein entered into a written contract under which Ocean Protein was required to make all of its stick water exclusively available to Natural Proteins for product research and development. Natural Proteins claims to have subsequently engaged in commercially reasonable efforts to develop products derived from stick water, developing at least one viable market for fertilizer.

Natural Proteins alleges Ocean Protein breached the contract by refusing to make its fish processing liquids available and by improperly purporting to terminate the agreement. Ocean Protein, in turn, contends that Natural Proteins deceived it at the outset of the parties' relationship as to Natural Protein's intent and as to the terms and effect of the written contract. Ocean Protein further alleges that Natural Protein failed to perform all of its obligations under the agreement.

Ocean Protein's original counterclaims included an assertion that Natural Protein's alleged conduct was, "in addition to a breach of contract, a violation of the Consumer Protection Act."

Natural Proteins moved to dismiss, arguing that assuming Ocean Protein intended to proceed under the WPCA, it had failed to state a claim. The Court granted the motion to dismiss, with leave to amend, noting that Ocean Protein had neither alleged any facts to support a statutory claim nor even identified which state's consumer protection act it intended to assert.


Under Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a claim may be dismissed because of a "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6). A dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6) may be based on the lack of a cognizable legal theory or on the absence of sufficient facts alleged under a cognizable legal theory. Johnson v. Riverside Healthcare Sys., 534 F.3d 1116, 1121 (9th Cir. 2008); Navarro v. Block, 250 F.3d 729, 732 (9th Cir. 2001).

In reviewing a complaint under Rule 12(b)(6), all allegations of material fact are taken as true and construed in the light most favorable to the non-moving party. Marceau v. Blackfeet Hous. Auth., 540 F.3d 916, 919 (9th Cir.2008); Vignolo v. Miller, 120 F.3d 1075, 1077 (9th Cir. 1999).

The Court, however, is not required "to accept as true allegations that are merely conclusory, unwarranted deductions of fact, or unreasonable inferences." In re Gilead Scis. Sec. Litig., 536 F.3d 1049, 1056-57 (9th Cir. 2008); Sprewell v. Golden State Warriors, 266 F.3d 979, 988 (9th Cir. 2001). Although they may provide the framework of a complaint, legal conclusions are not accepted as true and "[t]hreadbare recitals of elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949-50 (2009); see also Warren v. Fox Family Worldwide, Inc., 328 F.3d 1136, 1139 (9th Cir. 2003).

Furthermore, courts will not assume that plaintiffs "can prove facts which [they have] not alleged, or that the defendants have violated . . . ...

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