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Saffi v. Knight

December 11, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Mikel H. Williams United States Magistrate Judge


Pending before the Court in the above-entitled matter is Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment (Docket No. 39) filed on August 3, 2009. The certificate of service on the motion indicates the motion was mailed to Plaintiff at his address of record. Pursuant to the Court's Second Informational Order, Motion to Dismiss Notice and Summary Judgment Notice (Docket No. 19), Plaintiff was advised of the need to file a response to motions pursuant to Local Rule 78-230(m). No response has been filed by the Plaintiff as of November 3, 2009.

Pursuant to United States v. Real Property Located at Incline Village, 47 F.3d 1511, 1520 (9th Cir. 1995) default summary judgment is not proper unless movant's paper are sufficient to support the motion or on their face the movant's papers reveal no genuine issue of material fact. See also Marshall v. Gates, 44 F.3d 722, 725 (9th Cir. 1995) (summary judgment may not be granted simply because opposing party violated a local rule, if movant did not meet burden of demonstrating absence of genuine issue for trial). Accordingly, the Court will evaluate the motion for summary judgment on the merits.

Having fully reviewed the record, the Court finds that the facts and legal arguments are adequately presented in the briefs and record. Accordingly, in the interest of avoiding further delay, and because the Court conclusively finds that the decisional process would not be significantly aided by oral argument, this matter shall be decided on the record before this Court without oral argument.

I. Factual Background

Plaintiff Shane Allen Saffi ("Saffi") filed a 42 U. S. C. § 1983 action against Correctional Officers Sidney Knight ("Knight"), J. Garza ("Garza") and W. Williams ("Williams") (collectively referred to as the "Defendants"), who are the only remaining Defendants. Defendants Carols, Miranda, Dunn and Clark have been previously dismissed from this action. See Docket No. 32. Saffi alleges these three correctional officers used excessive force against him on April 17, 2006 and violated his Eighth Amendment right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment. Defendants deny they violated Saffi's constitutional rights and argue the Complaint should be dismissed based on Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994) due to Plaintiff's failure to file a writ of habeas corpus to overturn the punishment Saffi received for the rules violation arising from the incident on April 17, 2006.

Saffi was incarcerated at California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility ("SATF") during the events of April 17, 2006. Defendants were correctional officers at SATF. On April 17, 2006, Correctional Officer Garza received information that Saffi might be under the influence of alcohol and that he had assaulted another inmate. Correctional Officers Garza and Williams approached Saffi in the yard at approximately 1330 hrs and advised him of the accusations against him. Saffi was handcuffed and taken to the Facility D medical center where he was placed in holding cell. Saffi did not struggle and was cooperative with the officers. Garza and Williams both believed Saffi was under the influence of alcohol based on his slurred speech, strong scent of alcohol and his unsteadiness when escorting him. Plaintiff alleges that once they got to the Medical Clinic, he was asked to turn around so the cuff could be removed. Plaintiff asked to speak to a sergeant at which time he asserts that C/Os Knight, Garza and Williams grabbed him by the head, while he was still handcuffed and threw him face first into the ground. He then states the C/O Knight kicked him three times in the face, C/O Garza kneeled on his head pinning it to the ground and that C/O Williams jumped onto his back and injured his spine. Plaintiff states that he was then placed in full restraints with a spit mask over his face and taken to the Program Office holding cell.

Plaintiff requests that the Defendants be prosecuted for excessive force while he was in restraints. Plaintiff seeks money damages under Section 1983 for subjecting him to Cruel and Unusual Punishment.

The Defendants present a different picture of what transpired between themselves and the Plaintiff based on their logs and reports. At approximately 1345, a radio call asked for available officers to report to the medical center. Correctional Officers Knight and Tony Carlos*fn1 ("Carlos") reported to the medical center. The officers were asked to transfer Saffi to the Program Office. Carlos handcuffed Saffi. As the officers were escorting Saffi from the medical area, Saffi tried to pull away, was swinging his elbows and was attempting to kick Knight and Carlos. Using their body weight, the two officers forced Saffi to the ground and the alarm was sounded for additional staff to respond. Saffi tried to spit on the officers and a spit mask was placed on Plaintiff. Other responding officers escorted Saffi to the Program Office. Knight had no further involvement with Saffi that day.

As referenced earlier, Saffi alleges in his Complaint and states in his deposition that when he refused to turn around in the medical cell, that he was grabbed by the head and his face forced to the ground. He testifies he was kicked in the face three times by Knight, Garza pinned his head to the ground while Williams jumped on his spine. Garza and Williams deny they were present when the altercation in the medical unit occurred. Knight states in his declaration that Officers Garza and Williams were not the responding officers to the medical area when the alarm was sounded. Knight also denies kicking Saffi in the face.

Saffi alleges in his Complaint that he was hung upside down in the Program Office from 2:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. In his deposition Saffi admits that none of the named Defendants (Knight, Williams or Garza) were the officers that escorted him to the Program Office or that hung Saffi upside down. This fact is undisputed as Officers Garza, Williams and Knight all deny hanging Saffi upside down in the Program Office.

Saffi claims he was never written up for having consumed alcohol or for having assaulted another inmate. Saffi claims in his Complaint he has 50 pages of reports and supporting documents showing falsified and contradicted reports. None of these alleged falsified reports have been provided for the Court's review in response to the correctional officers' declarations. Nor were any offender complaints submitted by Saffi regarding the alleged medical injuries he suffered or his allegation of being hung upside down in the Program Office.

After the incident with Saffi, Knight completed a Rules Violation Report ("RVR") documenting the force that he and Carlos used on Saffi in response to his resistive and assaultive behavior. Due to the RVR, charges of attempted aggravated battery against the correction officers were brought against Saffi. A hearing was held on May 9, 2006 by Senior Hearing Officer Baires. Saffi waived his right to call any witnesses and would not make a statement, but did admit that he remembered spitting. Saffi was found guilty of attempted aggravated battery, a Division B(2) offense, and he received a loss of good time credits. Saffi was informed he was not eligible for restoration of his credits pursuant to California Code of Regulations, Title 15 § § 3327 and 3328. In order for an inmate to have his forfeited credits restored, he must file a petition for writ of habeas corpus to overturn the RVR and request a court order to restore the forfeited credits. It is undisputed that Saffi has not filed a writ of habeas corpus to restore his credits.

Defendants lodged a copy of Plaintiff's deposition transcript in this matter, Docket No. 40. The Court reviewed the deposition in order to determine additional facts that should be ...

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