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Contasti v. City of Solana Beach

January 20, 2010

ANDREW CONTASTI, ANNETTE CONTASTI AND JOE HERNANDEZ, INDIVIDUALS, PLAINTIFFS,
v.
CITY OF SOLANA BEACH, DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hayes, Judge

ORDER

The matter before the Court is the Motion to the Amend Complaint, filed by Plaintiffs. (Doc. # 10).

I. Background

On June 25, 2009, Plaintiffs initiated this action by filing the "Complaint for Damages [42 U.S.C. § 1983]" ("Complaint"). (Doc. # 1). The Complaint alleged that Defendant's denial of Plaintiffs' application for a building permit constituted a deprivation of Plaintiffs' rights to due process and equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, thereby violating 42 U.S.C. § 1983.

On July 20, 2009, Defendant filed a Motion to Dismiss. (Doc. # 5).

On November 11, 2009, the Court dismissed the Complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (Doc. # 9). The Court stated: "No later than thirty (30) days from the date of this Order, Plaintiffs may file a motion for leave to amend the Complaint, accompanied by a proposed amended complaint." (Doc. # 9 at 8).

On December 8, 2009, Plaintiffs filed the Motion to Amend the Complaint and attached a proposed amended complaint. (Doc. # 10).

On December 28, 2009, Defendant filed an opposition to the Motion to Amend. (Doc. # 12). Defendant contends that the proposed amended complaint fails to allege that Plaintiffs' claims are ripe pursuant to the standard stated in Herrington v. County of Sonoma, 857 F.2d 567 (9th Cir. 1988).

On January 4, 2010, Plaintiffs filed a reply brief in support of the Motion to Amend. (Doc. # 13).

II. Discussion

Rule 15 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure mandates that leave to amend "be freely given when justice so requires." Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). "This policy is to be applied with extreme liberality." Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1051 (9th Cir. 2003) (quotation omitted). In Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178 (1962), the Supreme Court offered several factors for district courts to consider in deciding whether to grant a motion to amend under Rule 15(a):

In the absence of any apparent or declared reason--such as undue delay, bad faith or dilatory motive on the part of the movant, repeated failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of the amendment, futility of amendment, etc.--the leave sought should, as the rules require, be 'freely given.' Foman, 371 U.S. at 182; see also Smith v. Pac. Prop. Dev. Co., 358 F.3d 1097, 1101 (9th Cir. 2004) (citing Forman factors).

"Not all of the [Foman] factors merit equal weight. As this circuit and others have held, it is the consideration of prejudice to the opposing party that carries the greatest weight." Eminence Capital, 316 F.3d at 1052 (citing DCD Programs, Ltd. v. Leighton, 833 F.2d 183, 185 (9th Cir. 1987)). "The party opposing amendment bears the burden of showing prejudice." DCD Programs, 833 F.2d at 187. "Absent prejudice, or a strong showing of any of the remaining Foman factors, there exists a presumption under Rule 15(a) in favor of granting leave to amend." Eminence Capital, 316 F.3d at 1052.

"While some courts liken the futility inquiry with that of a motion to dismiss, most recognize that '[d]enial of leave to amend on [futility] ground[s] is rare.'" Defazio v. Hollister, Inc., No. Civ. 04-1358, 2008 WL 2825045, at *2 (E.D. Cal., July 21, 2008) (quoting Netbula v. Distinct Corp., 212 F.R.D. 534, 539 (N.D. Cal. 2003); citing, inter alia, Big Bear Lodging Ass'n v. Snow Summit, Inc., 182 F.3d 1096, 1105 (9th Cir. 1999)). "Ordinarily, courts will defer consideration of challenges to the merits of a proposed ...


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