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Grissom v. Knowles

March 23, 2010

LEVERETT GRISSOM, PETITIONER,
v.
MIKE KNOWLES, WARDEN, RESPONDENT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

I. Introduction

Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel with a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner challenges the 2006 Board of Parole Hearings (BPH) decision that found petitioner unsuitable for parole.

Pending before the court is respondent's November 16, 2009 motion to dismiss on the grounds that (1) this action is barred by the statute of limitations and (2) petitioner's second claim does not state a federal claim. Dkt. No. 19. Petitioner filed an opposition and respondent filed a reply. Dkt. Nos. 26, 28. After carefully considering the entire record, the court recommends that respondent's motion to dismiss be granted and this case closed.

II. Motion to Dismiss

The statute of limitations for federal habeas corpus petitions is set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1):

A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of--

(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review;

(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;

(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or

(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.

The statute of limitations for habeas petitions challenging parole suitability hearings is based on § 2244(d)(1)(D), i.e. the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. Redd v. McGrath, 343 F.3d 1077 (9th Cir. 2003). At the time the Ninth Circuit decided Redd, suitability decisions could be administratively appealed. Id. at 1084. In Redd, the Ninth Circuit held that the factual basis of the petitioner's claims challenging a parole suitability hearing could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence when the BPH denied the administrative appeal. Id.

Since Redd, the administrative review process for parole suitability hearings has been eliminated. According to the transcript from petitioner's April 26, 2006 suitability hearing before the BPH, the decision finding petitioner unsuitable for parole became final on August 24, 2006. Motion to Dismiss (MTD), Exh. A at 101.

The statute of limitations began to run the next day, on August 25, 2006. Patterson v. Stewart, 251 F.3d 1243, 1246 (9th Cir. 2001). Petitioner had one year, that is until August 25, 2007, to file a timely federal petition, absent applicable tolling. The instant action was received by the court on January 6, 2009. However, petitioner indicated that he provided the petition to prison authorities on October 2, 2008, but the petition was returned to him on December 18, 2008, and petitioner once again gave the petition to prison authorities on December 23, 2008. Opposition at 8. In his opposition, petitioner refers to exhibits to support this contention, however no exhibits were annexed to the opposition. The court will provide petitioner ...


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