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Koch v. Lockyer

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


April 14, 2010

JACK R. KOCH, PLAINTIFF,
v.
BILL LOCKYER, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Irma E. Gonzalez, Chief Judge United States District Court

ORDER: (1) DENYING MOTION PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a); and (2) DENYING MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT. [Doc. Nos. 235, 237]

Currently before the Court are Plaintiff's Motion Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a) and Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment, filed on March 25, 2010. [Doc. Nos. 235, 237]. For the reasons set forth below, the Court DENIES both motions.

BACKGROUND

Plaintiff, formerly incarcerated at the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility ("Donovan"), brought this suit on October 17, 2003, alleging civil rights violations pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. As amended, the complaint asserted that Plaintiff's Fourth, Fifth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendment rights were violated when Donovan prison officials forcibly collected DNA samples from Plaintiff. The Court eventually dismissed with prejudice and without leave to amend Plaintiff's causes of action for violations of the Fifth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments. [See Doc. Nos. 79, 141]. The Court then granted summary judgment in favor of Defendants on the Fourth Amendment claim, finding that Defendants did not violate Plaintiff's Fourth Amendment rights, or if they did, that Defendants were entitled to qualified immunity. [Doc. No. 205]. Plaintiff appealed. The Ninth Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part, concluding that although Defendants violated Plaintiff's Fourth Amendment rights by forcibly taking his DNA under the alleged circumstances, they were nonetheless entitled to qualified immunity against damages. [Doc. No. 226]. According to the Ninth Circuit, given the complexity and novelty of the issues presented, reasonable officials could not have understood that their actions violated Plaintiff's constitutional rights. [Id.] Plaintiff's petition for a writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court of the United States was denied on February 22, 2010. (See Pl. Notice & Motion for Award of All Allowable Costs and Fees, Ex. C [Doc. No. 231].)

On March 25, 2010, Plaintiff filed the present motions. In his first motion, Plaintiff asks the Court to exercise supplemental jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a) over the state law claims for assault (Cal. Penal Code § 240 and Cal. Civil Code § 43) and battery (Cal. Penal Code § 242). [See Doc. No. 235]. In his second motion, Plaintiff seeks summary judgment on his Fourth Amendment claim as well as his claims for assault, battery, and unlawful use of force. [See Doc. No. 237].

DISCUSSION

I. Motion Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a)

Section 1367(a) provides that "the district courts shall have supplemental jurisdiction over all other claims that are so related to [federal claims] that they form part of the same case or controversy under Article III." 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a). In the present case, there is no basis for Plaintiff's request for supplemental jurisdiction because Plaintiff's Third Amended Complaint does not allege any "other claims" besides the federal claims. (See Third Amended Complaint, at 38, 51 [Doc. No. 103].) Accordingly, the Court DENIES Plaintiff's Motion Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a).

II. Motion for Summary Judgment

With respect to Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, the Court has previously granted Defendants' motion for summary judgment on the Fourth Amendment claim. [See Doc. No. 205]. The Court, however, may reconsider its grant of summary judgment under either Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e) (motion to alter or amend a judgment) or Rule 60(b) (relief from judgment). See Sch. Dist. No. 1J, Multnomah County v. ACandS, Inc., 5 F.3d 1255, 1262 (9th Cir. 1993). Reconsideration is appropriate if the Court "(1) is presented with newly discovered evidence, (2) committed clear error or the initial decision was manifestly unjust, or (3) if there is an intervening change in controlling law." Id. at 1263 (citation omitted); accord Advanced Semiconductor Materials Am., Inc. v. Applied Materials, Inc., 922 F. Supp. 1439, 1442 (N.D. Cal. 1996) ("A moving party may renew a motion for summary judgment notwithstanding denial of an earlier motion by showing a different set of facts or some other reason justifying renewal of the motion.").

In the present case, Plaintiff cannot point to any ground that would support reconsideration. As already noted, this Court previously granted summary judgment in favor of Defendants on the Fourth Amendment claim, finding that Defendants did not violate Plaintiff's Fourth Amendment rights, or if they did, that Defendants were entitled to qualified immunity. [Doc. No. 205]. Although Plaintiff correctly notes that the Ninth Circuit subsequently determined that Defendants did violate his Fourth Amendment rights, the Ninth Circuit nonetheless affirmed this Court's ultimate disposition by finding that Defendants were entitled to qualified immunity against damages. [Doc. No. 226]. Accordingly, the Court finds no ground that would justify reconsidering its prior ruling on Plaintiff's Fourth Amendment claim. Likewise, with respect to Plaintiff's state law claims, although Plaintiff correctly notes that qualified immunity does not apply to state law claims, see Cousins v. Lockyer, 568 F.3d 1063, 1072 (9th Cir. 2009), none of these claims were part of Plaintiff's amended complaint and therefore cannot form the basis for a summary judgment motion.

CONCLUSION

For the foregoing reasons, the Court DENIES both motions.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

20100414

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