This case, in which plaintiff is proceeding in propria persona, was referred to the undersigned pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Eastern District of California Local Rule 302(c)(21). Plaintiff requests authority to proceed in this Title VII action in forma pauperis, and has submitted an affidavit which demonstrates that plaintiff is unable to prepay fees and costs or give security thereof. Dckt. No. 3. Accordingly, the request to proceed in forma pauperis will be granted. See 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(f)(1) ("Upon application by the complainant and in such circumstances as the court may deem just, the court may appoint an attorney for such complainant and may authorize the commencement of the action without the payment of fees, costs, or security."). Plaintiff will not be required to pay the filing fee and the U.S. Marshal will be directed to effect service of process in this action. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(3).
Plaintiff also requests appointment of counsel. Dckt. No. 2. Title VII authorizes the appointment of counsel "[u]pon application by the complainant and in such circumstances as the court may deem just." 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(f)(1). In reviewing such an application, a "court is required to assess: (1) the plaintiff"s financial resources, (2) the efforts made by the plaintiff to secure counsel, and (3) whether the plaintiff's claim has merit." See Bradshaw v. Zoological Soc'y of San Diego, 662 F.2d 1301, 1318 (9th Cir. 1981) (citing Caston v. Sears, Roebuck & Co., 556 F.2d 1305, 1308-10 (5th Cir. 1977); Luna v. Int'l Ass'n of Machinists & Aerospace Workers, 614 F.2d 529, 531 (5th Cir. 1980)). "The plaintiff has the burden of persuasion as to all three factors, and an unfavorable finding as to any one factor is fatal to his request." Miljkovic v. Univ. of Haw., 2010 WL 346450, at *1 (Jan. 27, 2010 D. Haw.) (citing Caston, 556 F.2d at 1310; Castner v. Colo. Springs Cablevision, 979 F.2d 1417, 1421 (10th Cir. 1992); Darden v. Ill. Bell Tel. Co., 797 F.2d 497, 501 (7th Cir. 1986)).
In his request for counsel, plaintiff simply states that he cannot afford the services of an attorney. Dckt. No. 2. Plaintiff does not indicate what efforts, if any, he has made to secure counsel. See Bradshaw, 662 F.2d at 1319 (noting that a plaintiff must show "diligence in her efforts to secure counsel"). Additionally, while plaintiff's complaint may make out a prima facie case of retaliation under Title VII, which requires a plaintiff to show "(1) involvement in a protected activity, (2) an adverse employment action and (3) a causal link between the two," Coons v. Sec'y of U.S. Dep't of Treasury, 383 F.3d 879, 887 (9th Cir. 2004), plaintiff's complaint does not indicate whether plaintiff exhausted his administrative remedies by filing a timely charge with the EEOC, thereby affording the agency an opportunity to investigate the charge, B.K.B. v. Maui Police Dep't, 276 F.3d 1091, 1099 (9th Cir. 2002) (citing 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(b)). Therefore, plaintiff's request for counsel will be denied without prejudice.
Accordingly, good cause appearing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis, Dckt. No. 3,is granted.
2. Plaintiff's request for counsel, Dckt. No. 2, is denied without prejudice.
3. The Clerk of the Court is directed to issue forthwith all process pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4.
4. The Clerk of Court shall send plaintiff two USM-285 forms, one summons, a copy of the complaint, this court's scheduling order, and the forms providing notice of the magistrate judge's availability to exercise jurisdiction for all purposes and the court's voluntary dispute resolution program.
5. Plaintiff is advised that the U.S. Marshal will require:
a. One completed summons;
b. One completed USM-285 form for each defendant;
c. A copy of the complaint for each defendant, with an extra copy for the U.S. Marshal; and,
d. A copy of this court's scheduling order and related documents for each defendant.
6. Plaintiff shall supply the United States Marshal, within 14 days from the date this order is filed, all information needed by the Marshal to effect service of process, and shall, within 14 days thereafter, file a statement with the court that ...