The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sandra M. Snyder United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND
Plaintiff, Diane Reimers, ("Plaintiff") was a state prisoner who is currently proceeding pro se in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed her Complaint on April 22, 2010 in the Sacramento division of this Court. (Doc. 1.) The case was transferred to this Court on April 30, 2010. (Doc. 4.)
The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2). "Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that... the action or appeal... fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
B. Summary of Plaintiff's Complaint
Plaintiff's Complaint is not signed and is incomplete -- it does not contain any statement of the claims that she intends to allege. Plaintiff's Complaint is made up of the first two pages of a complaint form accompanied by several pages of medical records.
Every pleading, written motion, and any other papers submitted to the court must be signed. Local Rule 131; Fed. R. Civ. P. 11(a). Since Plaintiff has not signed her Complaint, and apparently needs to compose and submit her statement of claims, Plaintiff fails to state a cognizable claim, but may be able to amend to correct the deficiencies in her Complaint. Thus, she is being given the general pleading requirements, the general standard for a claim of deliberate indifference to her serious medical needs based on the fact that she submitted medical records as exhibits to her unsigned Complaint, and leave to file a first amended complaint.
1. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)
"Rule 8(a)'s simplified pleading standard applies to all civil actions, with limited exceptions," none of which applies to section 1983 actions. Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N. A., 534 U.S. 506, 512 (2002); Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 8(a). Pursuant to Rule 8(a), a complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief...." Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 8(a). "Such a statement must simply give the defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Swierkiewicz, 534 U.S. at 512. However, "the liberal pleading standard... applies only to a plaintiff's factual allegations." Neitze v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 330 n.9 (1989). "[A] liberal interpretation of a civil rights complaint may not supply essential elements of the claim that were not initially pled." Ivey v. Bd. of Regents, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982) accord Bruns v. Nat'l Credit Union Admin., 122 F.3d 1251, 1257 (9th Cir. 1997).
"Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that... the action or appeal... fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). A complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief...." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2).
Detailed factual allegations are not required, but "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007) accord Ashcroft v. Iqbal, ___ U.S. ___, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009). Plaintiff must set forth "sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim that is plausible on its face.'" Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555, accord Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949. While factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusion are not. Iqbal. at 1949; ...