This matter came before the court on May 21, 2010, for hearing of the motions to dismiss filed by defendants First American Loanstar Trustee Services and Citi Mortgage, Inc., and plaintiff's counter-motion for leave to amend or for an extension of time to oppose defendants' motions. Plaintiff, who is proceeding pro se with this action, appeared on his own behalf. Lyle Solomon, Esq. appeared for defendant First American Loanstar Trustee Services, and Curtis Molloy, Esq. appeared for defendant Citi Mortgage, Inc.
Upon consideration of the briefing on file, the parties' arguments at the hearing, and the entire file, the court granted defendants' motions for the reasons stated in open court. In light of plaintiff's pro se status, the court granted plaintiff a final opportunity to amend his complaint.
As set forth in the court's order dismissing plaintiff's original complaint with leave to amend, [p]ursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), the court must dismiss the complaint at any time if the court determines that the pleading is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief against an immune defendant. A complaint is legally frivolous when it lacks an arguable basis in law or in fact. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989); Franklin v. Murphy, 745 F.2d 1221, 1227-28 (9th Cir. 1984). Under this standard, a court must dismiss a complaint as frivolous where it is based on an indisputably meritless legal theory or where the factual contentions are clearly baseless. Neitzke, 490 U.S. at 327; 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e).
To state a claim on which relief may be granted, the plaintiff must allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). In considering whether a complaint states a cognizable claim, the court accepts as true the material allegations in the complaint and construes the allegations in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Hishon v. King & Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 73 (1984); Hosp. Bldg. Co. v. Trustees of Rex Hosp., 425 U.S. 738, 740 (1976); Love v. United States, 915 F.2d 1242, 1245 (9th Cir. 1989). The court need not accept as true conclusory allegations, unreasonable inferences, or unwarranted deductions of fact. Western Mining Council v. Watt, 643 F.2d 618, 624 (9th Cir. 1981). Pro se pleadings are held to a less stringent standard than those drafted by lawyers. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972).
. . . . [A] short and plain statement of claims [is] required by Rule 8(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Although the Federal Rules adopt a flexible pleading policy, a complaint must give fair notice to the defendants and allege facts that state the elements of the claims both plainly and succinctly. See Jones v. Community Redev. Agency, 733 F.2d 646, 649 (9th Cir. 1984). A plaintiff must allege with at least some degree of particularity specific acts which each defendant engaged in that support the plaintiff's claims. See id. . . .
(Order filed May 20, 2009 (Doc. No. 3) at 2-3.)
With regard to claims of fraud, plaintiff is advised that "the circumstances constituting fraud . . . shall be stated with particularity." Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b). "Rule 9(b) serves not only to give notice to defendants of the specific fraudulent conduct against which they must defend, but also 'to deter the filing of complaints as a pretext for the discovery of unknown wrongs, to protect [defendants] from the harm that comes from being subject to fraud charges, and to prohibit plaintiffs from unilaterally imposing upon the court, the parties and society enormous social and economic costs absent some factual basis.'" Bly-Magee v. California, 236 F.3d 1014, 1018 (9th Cir. 2001) (quoting In re Stac Elec. Sec. Litig., 89 F.3d 1399, 1405 (9th Cir. 1996)). Thus, pursuant to Rule 9(b), a plaintiff alleging fraud at a minimum must plead evidentiary facts such as the time, place, persons, statements and explanations of why allegedly misleading statements are misleading. In re GlenFed, Inc. Sec. Litig., 42 F. 3d 1541, 1547 n.7 (9th Cir. 1994); see also Vess v. Ciba-Geigy Corp. USA, 317 F.3d 1097, 1106 (9th Cir. 2003); Fecht v. Price Co., 70 F.3d 1078, 1082 (9th Cir. 1995).*fn1
Plaintiff is reminded that any amended complaint must be complete in itself without reference to prior pleadings that have been dismissed. See Local Rule 220. The court cannot refer to prior pleadings in order to make plaintiff's second amended complaint complete. See Loux v. Rhay, 375 F.2d 55, 57 (9th Cir. 1967). Plaintiff's second amended complaint must contain factual allegations describing the conduct and events which underlie his claims against each defendant named in the pleading. Plaintiff is cautioned that he should not name as a defendant any party against whom he cannot allege specific facts showing that the defendant caused plaintiff harm in violation of a specific provision of an applicable statute. Plaintiff is directed not to name American Brokers Conduit as a defendant in his second amended complaint because that entity responded to plaintiff's first amended complaint by filing a notice of bankruptcy proceedings in which an injunction precludes the commencement of judicial proceedings against it. Plaintiff is also directed not to name Land America Commonwealth as a defendant in his second amended complaint, unless plaintiff has an address for service of process that is different from the address plaintiff provided to the United States Marshal for service of the first amended complaint.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that:
1. Defendant First American Loanstar Trustee Services' January 27, 2010 motion to dismiss (Doc. No. 14) is granted;
2. Defendant Citi Mortgage, Inc.'s February 26, 2010 motion to dismiss (Doc. No. 23) is granted;
3. Plaintiff's April 5, 2010 motion (Doc. No. 31) is granted with regard to the motion to amend and denied with regard to the motion for extension of time to respond to defendants' motions;
4. Plaintiff's amended complaint shall be titled "Second Amended Complaint" and shall be filed with the court within thirty days after the hearing held on May 21, 2010;
5. The second amended complaint filed with the court shall include a proof of service showing that a copy of the pleading was served by mail on counsel for defendant First American Loanstar Trustee Services and counsel for defendant Citi Mortgage, Inc.; the court will issue a further ...