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United States v. 30.60 Acres of Land
May 27, 2010
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
30.60 ACRES OF LAND, MORE OR LESS, IN THE COUNTY OF SUTTER; PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; STEVE HARRAH, SUTTER COUNTY TREASURER; AND UNKNOWN OWNERS, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Garland E. Burrell, Jr. United States District Judge
ORDER FOR DELIVERY OF POSSESSION
Plaintiff United States of America has filed an ex parte motion for an order for the surrender of the possession of the 30.60 acres of property described in the Complaint in Condemnation filed in this action. Entry of an order for possession is appropriately done via ex parte application. United States v. 0.95 Acres of Land, 994 F. 2d 696, 698 (9th Cir. 1993). Based on Plaintiff's Memorandum of Points and Authorities filed with the motion and the original complaint and declaration of taking and exhibits filed therewith, the United States is entitled to possession of said property.
On April 2, 2010, the United States filed a Declaration of Taking and deposited eleven thousand seven hundred dollars into the registry of the Court. Under the Declaration of Taking Act, 40 U.S.C. section 3114 (formerly 40 U.S.C. section 258a), upon the filing of the Declaration of Taking and the deposit of estimated just compensation, title to the property described in the declaration is vested in the United States. The primary purpose of the Declaration of Taking Act is to give the government immediate possession of the property and give the owner immediate compensation, in the form of estimated value in return for title to the land. United States v. Miller, 317 U.S. 369 (1943). Thus, upon the filing of the Declaration of Taking, the United States is entitled to possession. United States v. Cobb, 328 F. 2d 115 (9th Cir. 1964); Narramore v. United States, 960 F. 2d 1048, 1050 (9th Cir. 1992).
The United States confirms that it needs immediate possession of the property because the Department of Energy wants to immediately commence and continue with construction of the power transmission system of the Central Valley Project, of which the line over the condemned property is an integral part. The construction contract has been awarded and the Department of Energy, through the Western Area Power Administration ("WAPA"), is prepared to move forward with construction immediately but cannot begin construction without access to and possession of the property.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that all defendants in this action, and all persons in possession or control of the property, described in the Complaint in Condemnation, shall immediately surrender possession of said property to Plaintiff upon service of a copy of this Order.
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