(Alameda County Super. Ct. No. OJ06004069) Trial Judge: Hon. Gail Brewster Bereola, Hon. Mark Kliszewski, Commissioner.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ruvolo, P. J.
CERTIFIED FOR PUBLICATION
Appellant contends that the juvenile court's action in committing him to the Division of Juvenile Justice*fn1 was statutorily unauthorized under Welfare and Institutions Code section 733, subdivision (c) (section 733(c)), because the most recent offense alleged in a petition admitted or found to be true against appellant was not a DJJ-eligible offense--that is, an offense for which DJJ commitment is authorized under Welfare and Institutions Code section 707, subdivision (b) (section 707(b)). We conclude that the last offense alleged in a petition, and admitted by appellant, was robbery. Properly construed, the subsequently filed charging documents alleging probation violations against appellant using mandatory Judicial Council forms were not "petitions" within the meaning of section 733(c). Because robbery is a DJJ-eligible offense under section 707(b), we reject appellant's contention, and affirm the juvenile court's order.
Facts and Procedural Background
A. Petitions Filed in 2007
Appellant was born in 1992. The delinquency proceedings against him, which had a lengthy history before culminating in this appeal, began when appellant was 13 years old.*fn2 On January 3, 2007, the prosecution filed a new petition (the January 2007 petition) against appellant, alleging that on or about December 30, 2006, appellant committed robbery (Pen. Code, § 211) while armed with a BB gun (Pen. Code, § 12022, subd. (b)). On January 4, 2007, appellant admitted the robbery count in the January 2007 petition, and the arming allegation was dismissed. On March 23, 2007, the juvenile court approved appellant's placement at a behavior modification program in southern California called Boys Republic.
On April 17, 2007, the prosecution filed another petition (the April 2007 petition), alleging that on or about December 17, 2006, appellant committed two felonies: robbing a pizza delivery person (Pen. Code, § 211), and assaulting the same victim with a weapon (appellant's hands and feet) by means of force likely to produce great bodily injury (Pen. Code, § 245, subd. (a)(1)). On April 18, 2007, appellant admitted the robbery count, and the assault count was dismissed with facts and restitution open. Appellant's previous disposition was continued.
B. Charging Documents Filed in 2008 and 2009
On December 17, 2008, the prosecution filed a document (the December 2008 charging form*fn3 ) on the 2006 version of the standard Judicial Council juvenile wardship petition form (form JV-600). The December 2008 charging form bore checks in the boxes indicating that it was filed under Welfare and Institutions Code section 602, subdivision (a) (section 602(a)). It also stated, in the blank labeled "Validation [sic] (specify code section)"*fn4 that it was a supplemental petition under Welfare and Institutions Code section 777, subdivision (a) (section 777(a)). An attachment page, prepared on Judicial Council form JV-620 and labeled "Notice of W&I Section 777(a) Petition" (original capitalization omitted), stated that the prosecution was seeking an order under section 777(a), modifying the order granting appellant probation, on the ground that appellant had violated the probation condition that he obey the law by committing a residential burglary on December 16, 2008.
On January 7, 2009, the prosecution filed another document (the January 2009 charging form), on the current version (effective January 1, 2008) of Judicial Council form JV-600, again bearing checks in the boxes indicating that it was filed under section 602(a). In the space for "violation," the form stated that it was a first amended supplemental petition under section 777(a). The attachment page, labeled "First Amended Notice of W&I Section 777(a) Petition" (original capitalization omitted), alleged that appellant had committed an additional attempted residential burglary, at a different address, on the same date (December 16, 2008) as the burglary alleged in the December 2008 charging form. As in the December 2008 charging form, the prosecution requested that the existing probation order be modified on the ground that appellant had violated the terms of his probation.
On January 7, 2009, appellant admitted violating section 777(a) as charged in the December 2008 and January 2009 charging forms. At the disposition hearing on these charges, the juvenile court ordered that appellant be placed in a suitable foster home, private institution, group home, or county facility. Appellant was then placed at a program called Rite of Passage, but left the program the day after he arrived.
On February 25, 2009, the prosecution filed another document (the February 2009 charging form), again on the 2008 version of Judicial Council form JV-600; with the section 602(a) boxes checked; and specifying that the violation charged was under section 777(a). This time, however, the attachment to the form was on Judicial Council form JV-720, which is labeled "Supplemental Petition for More Restrictive Placement (Attachment)" (original capitalization omitted). It alleged that appellant had left Rite of Passage on February 22, 2009, and that his whereabouts were unknown. It requested that the court issue a warrant for appellant's arrest.
On May 5, 2009, appellant was arrested on the basis of the warrant issued in response to the February 2009 charging form. On May 14, 2009, appellant admitted that he had violated section 777(a) as alleged in the February 2009 charging form, and a disposition hearing was set for May 29, 2009.
On May 28, 2009, the day before the scheduled disposition hearing, the prosecution filed a document (the May 2009 charging form), again on Judicial Council form JV-600 with the section 602(a) boxes checked, and again stating that it was a supplemental petition under section 777(a). The attachment, on form JV-620, had the caption "Notice of W&I Section 777(a) Petition" (original capitalization omitted) typed in. It asserted that appellant had violated the probation condition requiring that he obey the law, in that (1) when appellant was arrested on May 5, 2009, ...