IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
June 18, 2010
GEORGE R. WASLEY, JR., PLAINTIFF,
COUNTY OF PLACER, AND DOES 1 THROUGH 100, INCLUSIVE, DEFENDANTS.
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR ABSTENTION
This matter comes before the Court on Defendant County of Placer's ("Defendant") Motion for Abstention. (Doc. # 11). Defendant's Motion for Abstention was filed in conjunction with its Motion to Dismiss (Doc. # 10). The Motion for Abstention requests, in the alternative, that if the Court does not completely dismiss the matter for the reasons stated in the Motion to Dismiss, the Court should abstain from exercising federal jurisdiction pursuant to Railroad Commissioner v. Pullman, 312 U.S. 496, L.Ed. 971, 61 S.Ct. 643 (1941). (Doc. # 11). Plaintiff George R. Wasley, Jr. ("Plaintiff") filed a Statement of Non-Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Abstention. (Doc. # 22). A hearing on this matter was held before the Court on June 16, 2010.
The Pullman abstention doctrine allows a federal court to postpone the exercise of federal jurisdiction when "a federal constitutional issue . . . might be mooted or presented in a different posture by a state court determination of pertinent state law." C-Y Development Co. v. City of Redlands, 703 F.2d 375, 377 (9th Cir. 1983) (quoting County of Allegheny v. Frank Mashuda Co., 360 U.S. 185, 189, 79 S.Ct. 1060 (1959). Pullman abstention is appropriate where:
(1) The complaint touches a sensitive area of social policy upon which the federal courts ought not to enter unless no alternative to its adjudication is open.
(2) Such constitutional adjudication plainly can be avoided if a definitive ruling on the state issue would terminate the controversy.
(3) The possibly determinative issue of state law is doubtful.
Sinclair Oil Corp. v. County of Santa Barbara, 96 F.3d 401, 409 (9th Cir. 2006).
Here, (1) Plaintiff's Complaint involves a sensitive area of social policy (land use) that is best left to the state to address, (2) a ruling by the state court will "narrow" the federal constitutional questions at issue (See id. at 405), and (3) the resolution of state law regarding the Subdivision Map Act is uncertain, as there are very few reported cases in the area of the Subdivision Map Act. As such, this case meets the criteria for Pullman abstention.
Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Defendant's Motion for Abstention under the Pullman abstention doctrine and will hereby postpone the exercise of federal jurisdiction (including not reaching a decision on Defendant's Motion to Dismiss) until completion of the state proceeding. The parties are ordered to file a joint status statement within ten (10) days of final resolution of the state proceeding.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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