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United States v. Hannah

June 29, 2010

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
ALISON HANNAH, DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hayes, Judge

ORDER

The matter before the Court the motion to modify Magistrate Judge's order regarding bail (Doc. # 25) filed by the Defendant Allison Hannah.

BACKGROUND FACTS

On March 9, 2010, the federal grand jury returned a three count indictment charging the Defendants Alison K. Hannah and Ronald M. Hannah with Conspiracy, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 371; Bankruptcy Fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 157(1); and Bank Fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1344.

On April 1, 2010, Defendants were arraigned on the Indictment and entered pleas of not guilty. At the initial appearance, pretrial services recommended that court detain the Defendant Alison Hannah without bail. Based upon the facts presented by the Defendant and the Government, the Magistrate Judge concluded that conditions sufficient to assure the appearance of the Defendant Alison Hannah and the safety of the community were the standard conditions of pretrial release and the following additional conditions: $150,000.00 personal appearance bond secured by real property; participate in GPS monitoring program; actively seek and maintain employment; surrender all travel documents; have no contact with witnesses; and reside with surety. The Magistrate Judge informed the Defendant Alison Hannah that the conditions set were without prejudice to come back at any time and move the court to consider that a different set of conditions are appropriate.

On April 2, 2010, the grand jury returned an eleven-count superseding indictment adding charges of Concealment of Assets, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 152(1); False Oath, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 152(2); False Statement Under Penalty of Perjury, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 152(3); and Fraudulent Transfer of Assets, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 152(7).

On April 15, 2010, Defendant Alison Hannah was arraigned on the superseding indictment. Counsel for Defendant Alison Hannah requested that the Magistrate Judge reduce the bond to a $50,000.00 signature bond. The Magistrate Judge found that the conditions of pretrial release set at the April 1, 2010 hearing were necessary to meet the requirements of 18 U.S.C. § 3142(c) but amended the conditions of the bond to eliminate the requirement that Defendant reside with the surety and to permit the $150,000.00 bond to be secured by cash or corporate surety or real property. The Court reviewed all of the standard and the additional conditions with the Defendant Alison Hannah.

CONTENTIONS OF THE PARTIES

Defendant Alison Hannah moves the Court to modify the Magistrate Judge's Order regarding bail to a $50,000.00 bond secured by two financially responsible adults. Defendant contends that the $50,000.00 security bond would assure her appearance at future proceedings and protect the community from any perceived threat.

The Government contends that the conditions of the $150,000.00 bond set by the Magistrate Judge are necessary to assure the appearance of the Defendant Alison Hannah based upon her limited ties to the community, her demonstrated inability to comply with court orders, and the serious financial nature of the crime.

APPLICABLE LAW

In setting the condition of release under 18 U.S.C. § 3142(c), the court must release a defendant "on conditions that are determined to be the least restrictive conditions that will reasonably assure the Defendant's appearance and the safety of the community." United States v. Fidler, 419 F.3d 1026, 1028 (9th Cir. 2005). If the district court orders that the defendant be released subject to conditions, the statute specifically prohibits the court from "impos[ing] a financial condition that results in the pretrial detention of the [defendant]." 18 U.S.C. § 3142(c)(2). "This provision is intended to prevent the practice of 'preventative detention,' where a judge could in effect issue a detention order without a proper finding of risk of flight or danger to the community by granting bail but setting an exorbitant financial condition that the defendant could not meet." Fidler, 419 F.3d at 1028 quoting United States v. Westbrook, 780 F.2d 1185, 1187 n.3 (5th Cir. 1986).

In this case, the Magistrate Judge considered the facts presented and found that there are conditions that can be fashioned that would assure the appearance of Defendant Alison Hannah at court appearances and the safety of the community. The Magistrate Judge found that bail in the amount of $150,000.00 secured by a trust deed or property to the United States was appropriate along with other restrictions. At the second hearing, the Magistrate Judge found that the $150,000.00 secured by real property remained a necessary condition based upon the Defendant Alison Hannah's prior failures to appear, and her prior convictions. The Magistrate Judge modified the conditions of the personal appearance bond only to allow a cash or corporate surety bond.

This Court reviews all evidence "de novo" and makes its own determination whether to modify the order of the Magistrate Judge. See United States v. Keonig, 912 F.2d 1190, 1192-93 (9th Cir.1990). The Court takes into account all available information concerning the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. ยง 3142(g) including 1) the nature and circumstances of the offense charged, 2) the weight of the evidence against the person, 3) the history and characteristics of the Defendant, ...


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