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Gonzales v. Castro

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


August 24, 2010

MICHAEL GONZALES, PLAINTIFF,
v.
M. CASTRO, DEFENDANT.

ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS AND ORDERING PLAINTIFF TO PAY FILING FEE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS

(ECF No. 4)

Plaintiff Michael Gonzales is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in this civil rights action seeking relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302.

The Prison Litigation Reform Act provides that "[i]n no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action . . . under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more occasions, while incarcerated or detained in a facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the ground that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

This Plaintiff has, on at least three prior occasions, brought civil actions challenging the conditions of his confinement. At least three actions were dismissed as frivolous or for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. See, e.g., Gonzales v. Galaza, et al., 1:00-cv-6028-AWI-HGB (PC) (E.D. Cal.) (dismissed on June 15, 2001); Gonzales v. Gadsden, et al., 1:04-cv-5491-OWW-LJO (PC) (E.D. Cal.) (dismissed on December 11, 2006); and Gonzales v. Vikjord, et al., 1:05-cv-15668-OWW-WMW (PC) (E.D. Cal.) (dismissed on July 8, 2008). Plaintiff is therefore not entitled to proceed in forma pauperis unless he alleges facts indicating that he is in imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

On June 9, 2010, the magistrate judge entered Findings and Recommendations*fn1 , recommending that Plaintiff be denied in forma pauperis status and that Plaintiff be directed to submit the $350 filing fee in full. (ECF No. 4.) The magistrate judge found that Plaintiff had failed to allege specific facts showing that he was in imminent danger of serious physical harm at the time the complaint was filed.

Plaintiff has filed objections to the magistrate judge's Findings and Recommendation. (ECF No. 5.) Plaintiff argues that he has alleged sufficient facts to show he is in imminent danger; therefore, he should be allowed to proceed in forma pauperis. Attached to his objections was nearly one hundred pages of documentation which he alleges support his claim of imminent danger.

In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 73-305, this Court has conducted a de novo review of this case. Having carefully reviewed the entire file, the Court finds the Findings and Recommendations to be supported by the record and proper analysis. Much of the evidence presented by Plaintiff relates to incidents that do not involves the only Defendant in the above-captioned action and are, therefore, irrelevant here. Moreover, while the evidence shows that Plaintiff has had a number of physical encounters with correctional officers over his long incarceration, these events are sporadic. Nothing in Plaintiff's documentation shows that he was in "imminent danger of serious physical injury" at the time his complaint was filed. Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1053 (9th Cir. 2007). Thus, based on this prior litigation history, he is not eligible to proceed in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

Accordingly, THE COURT HEREBY ORDERS that: 1. The Findings and Recommendations issued by the Magistrate Judge on June 9, 2010, are adopted in full; and

2. Plaintiff is denied permission to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g);

3. Plaintiff is directed to submit the $350 filing in full within thirty days of the date of service of this order. Plaintiff's failure to do so will result in dismissal of this action pursuant to Local Rule 11-110 for failure to prosecute.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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