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Wagner v. Posner

August 24, 2010

CLINTON WAGNER, PLAINTIFF,
v.
MOSS POSNER, ET AL., DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER

Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel with a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pending before the court is plaintiff's July 28, 2010 motion to amend and proposed amended complaint. For the following reasons, plaintiff's motion for leave to amend is granted in part and denied in part.

Plaintiff filed the original complaint on November 13, 2009. Plaintiff alleged that he received inadequate medical care for hepatitis while housed at California State Prison-Corcoran and California State Prison-Sacramento. On January 8, 2010, the court ordered service of defendants Posner, Schuster, O'Brien, Alpine, Nangalama and Bal. On April 20, 2010, defendants Nangalama, Bal and McAlpine filed an answer to the complaint. On April 20, 2010, defendants Schuster and Posner filed a motion to dismiss. On July 7, 2010, the motion to dismiss was granted.

On July 13, 2010, a scheduling order was filed which set November 4, 2010 as the discovery cut-off date and January 31, 2011 as the date for filing pretrial motions.

The proposed amended complaint includes a copy of the original complaint to which is attached an addendum naming Dr. Sahato and Nurse Bakewell as new defendants as well as several "doe" defendants. Plaintiff alleges that defendant Sahato improperly took plaintiff off his nutritional supplement and multi-vitamins. Plaintiff also alleges that defendant Sahato improperly denied his request for non-formulary medicine without examining him. Plaintiff also alleges that defendant Sahato is defendant Nangalama's supervisor. Plaintiff alleges that he wrote defendant Sahato about defendant Nangalama's "ongoing deliberate indifference" to plaintiff's medical needs but defendant Sahato failed to intervene. Plaintiff also alleges that he wrote defendant Sahato on several occasions regarding defendant Nangalama's decision to change plaintiff's medication.

The proposed amended complaint contains no allegations against defendant Bakewell. Although not named as a defendant in the caption of the complaint, plaintiff alleges that law librarian Warbel denied him access to the law library.

The court should "freely give[ ]" leave to amend when there is no "undue delay, bad faith[,] dilatory motive on the part of the movant, ... undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of ... the amendment, [or] futility of the amendment ...." Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a); Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962).

The undersigned first considers undue delay, bad faith and dilatory motive. In their August 12, 2010 opposition, defendants observe that plaintiff does not explain why he waited approximately nine months after he filed the original complaint to file the proposed amended complaint. While this is true, at the time plaintiff filed the motion to amend, defendants had appeared in this action for three months. This is also the first proposed amended complaint plaintiff has filed. Under these circumstances, the undersigned does not find undue delay, bad faith nor dilatory motive on the part of plaintiff, a pro se litigator.

Turning to prejudice, defendants argue that they would be prejudiced because granting the motion would require amending the scheduling order. Pursuant to the scheduling order, all discovery must be served sixty days prior to the discovery cut-off, i.e. by September 3, 2010. Were the court to grant plaintiff's motion, it would not extend the discovery cut-off date as to defendants Nangalama, Bal and McAlpine. While defendants would suffer some prejudice as a result of the delay in the disposition of this action caused by service of the new defendants, this prejudice would not be great.

Turning to futility, the motion to amend would be futile as to defendant Bakewell as the amended complaint contains no allegations against this defendant. The Civil Rights Act under which this action was filed provides as follows:

Every person who, under color of [state law] . . . subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States . . . to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution . . . shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.

42 U.S.C. § 1983. The statute requires that there be an actual connection or link between the actions of the defendants and the deprivation alleged to have been suffered by plaintiff. See Monell v. Department of Social Servs., 436 U.S. 658 (1978); Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362 (1976). "A person 'subjects' another to the deprivation of a constitutional right, within the meaning of § 1983, if he does an affirmative act, participates in another's affirmative acts or omits to perform an act which he is legally required to do that causes the deprivation of which complaint is made." Johnson v. Duffy, 588 F.2d 740, 743 (9th Cir. 1978).

Moreover, supervisory personnel are generally not liable under § 1983 for the actions of their employees under a theory of respondeat superior and, therefore, when a named defendant holds a supervisorial position, the causal link between him and the claimed constitutional violation must be specifically alleged. See Fayle v. Stapley, 607 F.2d 858, 862 (9th Cir. 1979); Mosher v. Saalfeld, 589 F.2d 438, 441 (9th Cir. 1978), cert. denied, 442 U.S. 941 (1979). Vague and conclusory allegations concerning the involvement of official personnel in civil rights violations are not sufficient. See Ivey v. Board of Regents, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982).

Because the proposed amended complaint contains no allegations against defendant Bakewell, the amendments against ...


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