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De Anda v. Rapozo

September 1, 2010

JUAN CORDERO DE ANDA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
J. RAPOZO, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dennis L. Beck United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS TWIN CITIES HOSPITAL, RAPOZO, AND SANCHEZ'S MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT (DOCS. 33, 38, 44) CLERK OF COURT DIRECTED TO ENTER JUDGMENT

Order

I. Background

Plaintiff Juan Cordero De Anda ("Plaintiff") is a civil detainee in the custody of the California Department of Mental Health ("DMH"). Plaintiff is detained pursuant to the Sexually Violent Predator Act ("SVPA"). Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code § 6600. This action is proceeding on Plaintiff's complaint, filed December 28, 2007 against Defendants J. Rapozo, J. Sanchez, and Twin Cities Hospital for deliberate indifference to a serious medical need in violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. On September 3, 2009, Defendant Sanchez filed a motion for summary judgment. (Def. Sanchez Mot. Summ. J., Doc. 33.) On November 19, 2009, Defendant Twin Cities Hospital filed a separate motion for summary judgment. (Def. Twin Cities Hospital Mot. Summ. J., Doc. 38.) On January 6, 2010, Defendant Rapozo filed a separate motion for summary judgment. (Def. Rapozo Mot. Summ. J., Doc. 44.) Despite receiving a Court order to respond, Plaintiff failed to file an opposition to any of these motions. Pursuant to Local Rule 230(l), Plaintiff waives his right to file an opposition and the motions are deemed submitted.

II. Motion For Summary Judgment Legal Standard*fn1

Summary judgment is appropriate when it is demonstrated that there exists no genuine issue as to any material fact, and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). Under summary judgment practice, the moving party always bears the initial responsibility of informing the district court of the basis for its motion, and identifying those portions of "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any," which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact.

Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986). "[W]here the nonmoving party will bear the burden of proof at trial on a dispositive issue, a Summary Judgment Motion may properly be made in reliance solely on the 'pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file.'" Id. Indeed, summary judgment should be entered, after adequate time for discovery and upon motion, against a party who fails to make a showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party's case, and on which that party will bear the burden of proof at trial. Id. at 322. "[A] complete failure of proof concerning an essential element of the nonmoving party's case necessarily renders all other facts immaterial." Id. In such a circumstance, summary judgment should be granted, "so long as whatever is before the district court demonstrates that the standard for entry of summary judgment, as set forth in Rule 56(c), is satisfied." Id. at 323.

If the moving party meets its initial responsibility, the burden then shifts to the opposing party to establish that a genuine issue as to any material fact actually does exist. Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986).

In attempting to establish the existence of this factual dispute, the opposing party may not rely upon the denials of its pleadings, but is required to tender evidence of specific facts in the form of affidavits, and/or admissible discovery material, in support of its contention that the dispute exists. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e); Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 586 n.11. The opposing party must demonstrate that the fact in contention is material, i.e., a fact that might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law, Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986); T.W. Elec. Serv., Inc. v. Pacific Elec. Contractors Ass'n, 809 F.2d 626, 630 (9th Cir. 1987), and that the dispute is genuine, i.e., the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party, Wool v. Tandem Computers, Inc., 818 F.2d 1433, 1436 (9th Cir. 1987).

In the endeavor to establish the existence of a factual dispute, the opposing party need not establish a material issue of fact conclusively in its favor. It is sufficient that "the claimed factual dispute be shown to require a jury or judge to resolve the parties' differing versions of the truth at trial." T.W. Elec. Serv., 809 F.2d at 631. Thus, the "purpose of summary judgment is to 'pierce the pleadings and to assess the proof in order to see whether there is a genuine need for trial.'" Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 587 (quoting advisory committee's note on 1963 amendments to Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e)).

In resolving a motion for summary judgment, the Court examines the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). The evidence of the opposing party is to be believed, Anderson, 477 U.S. at 255, and all reasonable inferences that may be drawn from the facts placed before the court must be drawn in favor of the opposing party, Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 587 (citing United States v. Diebold, Inc., 369 U.S. 654, 655 (1962) (per curiam)). Nevertheless, inferences are not drawn out of the air, and it is the opposing party's obligation to produce a factual predicate from which the inference may be drawn. Richards v. Nielsen Freight Lines, 602 F. Supp. 1224, 1244-45 (E. D. Cal. 1985), aff'd, 810 F.2d 898, 902 (9th Cir. 1987).

Finally, to demonstrate a genuine issue, the opposing party "must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts....Where the record taken as a whole could not lead a rational trier of fact to find for the nonmoving party, there is no 'genuine issue for trial.'" Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 586-87 (citations omitted).

III. Defendant J. ...


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