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Funtanilla v. Williams

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


September 22, 2010

GREGORIO FUNTANILLA, JR., PLAINTIFF,
v.
ROMAN W. WILLIAMS, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dennis L. Beck United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS PURSUANT TO IMMINENT DANGER EXCEPTION

(DOC. 1)

Plaintiff Gregorio Funtanilla, Jr. ("Plaintiff") is a prisoner in the custody of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Plaintiff is proceeding pro se in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pending before the Court is Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis. (Doc. 1.) Plaintiff contends that he should be allowed to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to the imminent danger exception of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

The Prison Litigation Reform Act provides that "[i]n no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action... under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

Court records reveal that Plaintiff has accumulated at least three dismissals for frivolousness or failure to state a claim as of March 14, 2001. The Court takes judicial notice of the following cases that qualify as strikes pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g): Funtanilla v. R. Tieman, et al., Case No. 2:92-CV-01017-LKK-JFM (E. D. Cal.) (dismissed 10/08/1992 as frivolous); Funtanilla v. Duke-Bray, et al., Case No. 3:98-CV-03779-TEH (N. D. Cal.) (dismissed 01/06/1999 for failure to state a claim); Funtanilla v. Ninevella, et al., Case No. 1:98-CV-06365-AWI-SMS PC (E. D. Cal.) (dismissed 03/14/2001 for failure to state a claim); Plaintiff thus is not allowed to proceed in forma pauperis in this action unless Plaintiff can demonstrate Plaintiff is "under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).

"[T]he availability of the [imminent danger] exception turns on the conditions a prisoner faced at the time the complaint was filed, not at some earlier or later time." Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1053 (9th Cir. 2007). To meet the imminent danger requirement, the threat or prison condition must be real and proximate, Ciarpaglini v. Saini, 352 F.3d 328, 330 (7th Cir. 2003), and the danger of serious physical injury must exist at the time the complaint is filed, Abdul-Akbar v. McKelvie, 238 F.3d 307, 313-14 (3d Cir. 2001); Medberry v. Butler, 185 F.3d 1189, 1193 (11th Cir. 1999); Ashley v. Dilworth, 147 F.3d 715, 717 (8th Cir. 1998). Here, Plaintiff alleges in the complaint that Plaintiff is in imminent danger of serious injury. (Compl. Doc. 2.) Plaintiff contends that he needs two teeth extractions. (Compl. 4.) Plaintiff contends that one tooth is broken in half, and another is loose on both sides, exposing the nerve. (Id.) Plaintiff contends that his gums are infected under these teeth and the infection is spreading. (Id.) Plaintiff contends that as of September 30, 2010, the prison is under lockdown because of an inmate assault. (Id.) Plaintiff has made numerous requests to receive dental care, but he has not received it. (Id.) Plaintiff was informed by dental staff that there are inmates on the waiting list before him and a shortage of dental staff. (Id.) Plaintiff contends he will lose his whole jaw to gum disease, and has lost six pounds. (Id.) Plaintiff was forced to exchange food for ibuprofen pills from other inmates. (Id. at 5.)

Plaintiff has sufficiently alleged imminent danger of a serious physical injury. Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

20100922

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