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United States v. Alfaro

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA CRIMINAL DIVISION


October 1, 2010

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
JOSE ALFARO, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: The Honorable Manuel Real United States District Judge

ORDER DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO STRIKE ALLEGATIONS IN THE INDICTMENT AND FINDINGS THERETO

Having heard from plaintiff, the United States of America, by and through its counsel of record, the United States Attorney for the Central District of California, and defendant JUAN FUENTES, by and through the authorized representative of his counsel of record, Philip Deitch, at a hearing held before this Court on September 16, 2010, and good cause appearing, the Court hereby FINDS AS FOLLOWS

1. The Court read and considered Juan Fuentes' Motion to Strike Allegations in the Indictment (doc. 724) filed on August 23, 2010, and the government's opposition thereto.

2. The Court, after carefully considering the pleadings, declarations and documents filed by the parties, as well as the argument presented at the hearing, orally denied the defendant's motion to strike at the hearing. This Order will supplement the Court's oral ruling denying the motion. In connection with this Order, the Court makes the following Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law.

3. On September 16, 2010, this Court held a hearing on the motion. Defendant appeared in person with his counsel of record. After affording the parties opportunity for argument, the Court denied defendant's Motion to Strike. The Court considered the factors set forth in United States v. Stoddard, 111 F.3d 1450 (9th Cir. 1997). Applying these factors, it is apparent that the conspiracy alleged in count 16 of the current prosecution is much broader than the prior prosecution, and therefore a different conspiracy. The time frame charged is considerably larger, there are substantially more overt acts charged, it has many times more defendants who play different roles, and it charges a greater quantity and variety of controlled substances violations than the previous conspiracy. Accordingly the Court finds that the previous conspiracy, and that which is currently charged in Count 16, are separate and distinct conspiracies.

4. The Court also considered United States v. Saccoccia, 18 F.3d 795 (9th Cir. 1994), and rules that a substantive crime, and a conspiracy to commit the crime, are not the same offense for double jeopardy purposes.

5. The Court also considered United States v. Luong, 393 F.3d 913 (9th Cir. 2004), and ruled that the government may prosecute a defendant for a conspiracy and successfully prosecute the same defendant for RICO violations using the prior conspiracy as predicate acts without running afoul of the double jeopardy clause.

6. Therefore there are no double jeopardy concerns implicated in the current prosecution.

7. The Court does however strike the overt acts alleged in the prior prosecution to which the defendant pled guilty, that is, overt acts alleged against Defendant Fuentes relating to the distribution of methamphetamine for January 2006 until September 2006.

THEREFORE, FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN:

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that defendant Juan Feuntes' Motion to Dismiss is denied and overt acts relating to his distribution of methamphetamine for January 2006 until September 2006 are stricken.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

Presented by:

Kevin L. Rosenberg Department of Justice

20101001

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