IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
October 7, 2010
RONALD LLOYD GILBERT, PETITIONER,
THE PEOPLE OF SACRAMENTO COURT, RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge
Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, has filed an application for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. This case is before the undersigned pursuant to petitioner's consent. Doc. 4. On September 13, 2010, the court ordered petitioner to show cause why this case should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state remedies. Petitioner timely filed a response.
The exhaustion of available state remedies is a prerequisite to a federal court's consideration of claims sought to be presented in habeas corpus proceedings. See Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509 (1982); 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b). A petitioner can satisfy the exhaustion requirement by providing the highest state court with a full and fair opportunity to consider all claims before presenting them to the federal court. Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 276 (1971), Middleton v. Cupp, 768 F.2d 1083, 1086 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 478 U.S. 1021 (1986).
Petitioner alleges that at sentencing for a 2008 conviction, the trial court improperly added a sentencing enhancement due to a 1989 conviction. After reviewing the instant petition for habeas corpus, it does not appear that petitioner has exhausted his claims in state court relating to the 2008 conviction.
In his response, petitioner states that he did not appeal his case because he pled guilty. Regardless of a conviction at trial or a plea, state remedies must be exhausted prior to filing a petition in federal court. Petitioner's petition will be dismissed without prejudice for petitioner to exhaust his claims in state court. Petitioner may re-file this federal petition once the claims have been exhausted in state court.*fn1
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the petition is dismissed without prejudice for failure to exhaust state remedies.