UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
November 3, 2010
ALAN DEVON, CDCR #E-43780, PLAINTIFF,
A. HERNANDEZ, W. SUGLIGH; R. VALDEZ; P. COWAN, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Barry Ted Moskowitz United States District Judge
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS AS BARRED BY 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) [Doc. No. 3]
Plaintiff, Alan Devon, is a state inmate who is currently incarcerated at R. J. Donovan Correctional Facility. Plaintiff has filed a civil action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, along with a Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis ("IFP") [Doc. No. 3]. On October 27, 2010, Plaintiff filed a First Amended Complaint ("FAC").
I. Motion to Proceed IFP
Section 1915 of Title 28 of the United States Code allows certain litigants to pursue civil litigation IFP, that is, without the full prepayment of fees or costs. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2). However, the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA") amended section 1915 to preclude the privilege to proceed IFP:
. . . if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). "This subdivision is commonly known as the 'three strikes' provision." Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1116 n.1 (9th Cir. 2005) (hereafter "Andrews"). "Pursuant to § 1915(g), a prisoner with three strikes or more cannot proceed IFP." Id.; see also Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1052 (9th Cir. 2007) (hereafter "Cervantes") (under the PLRA, "[p]risoners who have repeatedly brought unsuccessful suits may entirely be barred from IFP status under the three strikes rule[.]"). The objective of the PLRA is to further "the congressional goal of reducing frivolous prisoner litigation in federal court." Tierney v. Kupers, 128 F.3d 1310, 1312 (9th Cir. 1997).
"Strikes are prior cases or appeals, brought while the plaintiff was a prisoner, which were dismissed on the ground that they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim," Andrews, 398 F.3d at 1116 n.1 (internal quotations omitted), "even if the district court styles such dismissal as a denial of the prisoner's application to file the action without prepayment of the full filing fee." O'Neal v. Price, 531 F.3d 1146, 1153 (9th Cir. 2008). Once a prisoner has accumulated three strikes, he is prohibited by section 1915(g) from pursuing any other IFP action in federal court unless he can show he is facing "imminent danger of serious physical injury." See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g); Cervantes, 493 F.3d at 1051-52 (noting § 1915(g)'s exception for IFP complaints which "make a plausible allegation that the prisoner faced 'imminent danger of serious physical injury' at the time of filing.").
II. Application of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)
The Court, in deciding whether Plaintiff may proceed IFP or is barred by § 1915(g) must review Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint and ascertain whether there is a "plausible allegation" to suggest Plaintiff "faced 'imminent danger of serious physical injury' at the time of filing." Cervantes, 493 F.3d at 1055 (quoting 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)).
A court "'may take notice of proceedings in other courts, both within and without the federal judicial system, if those proceedings have a direct relation to matters at issue.'" Bias v. Moynihan, 508 F.3d 1212, 1225 (9th Cir. 2007) (quoting Bennett v. Medtronic, Inc., 285 F.3d 801, 803 n.2 (9th Cir. 2002)); see also United States ex rel. Robinson Rancheria Citizens Council v. Borneo, Inc., 971 F.2d 244, 248 (9th Cir. 1992). Thus, this Court takes judicial notice that Plaintiff has had at least three prisoner civil actions dismissed on the grounds that they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
1) Devon v. Cambra, et al., Civil Case No. 98-0600 FMS (N.D. Cal. Feb. 19, 1998 Order denying motion to proceed IFP and dismissing complaint for failing to state a claim) (strike one);
2) Devon v. Roe, et al., Civil Case No. 02-6286 TJH (C.D. Cal. May 14, 2003 Order adopting findings, conclusions and recommendations of United States Magistrate Judge recommending granting defendants' motion to dismiss complaint for failing to state a claim) (strike two);
3) Devon v. State of California, et al., Civil Case No. 06-0784 (SGL) (C.D. Cal. Mar. 14, 2006 Order denying motion to proceed IFP and dismissing complaint as legally and/or factually patently frivolous) (strike three).
Accordingly, because Plaintiff has, while incarcerated, accumulated at least three "strikes" pursuant to § 1915(g), and his First Amended Complaint fails to allege a "plausible allegation" that he faced imminent danger of serious physical injury at the time he filed this action, he is not entitled to the privilege of proceeding IFP in this action.See Cervantes, 493 F.3d at 1055. While Plaintiff references past injuries in his First Amended Complaint, the Court can find no clear facts in his First Amended Complaint that would suggest that he currently facts an imminent danger of serious physical injury.
III. Conclusion and Order
For the reasons set forth above, the Court hereby:
1) DENIES Plaintiff's Motion to Proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) [Doc. No. 3]; and
2) GRANTS Plaintiff forty five (45) days leave from the date this Order is "Filed" to prepay the entire $350 civil filing fee in full.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the if Plaintiff fails to pay the $350 civil filing fee within that time, this action will be dismissed.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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