(Monterey County Super. Ct. Nos. SS091125A, SS091848A) Trial Judge: Honorable Terrance R. Duncan.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Mihara, J.
CERTIFIED FOR PUBLICATION
Defendant Mario Gabriel appeals from judgments of conviction entered after he pleaded guilty to various charges and allegations in two cases.*fn1 In both cases, the trial court suspended imposition of sentence and placed defendant on probation for three years. On appeal, defendant contends that the gang conditions should be modified to reflect the conditions orally pronounced by the trial court and the conditions are unconstitutionally vague. We agree and affirm the judgments as modified.
In April 2009, two police officers saw defendant approach a van while holding his front waistband and making confrontational gestures. The officers suspected that defendant was armed based on his behavior and body language. When they attempted to detain defendant, he fled. During the ensuing chase, the officers saw defendant throw a gun. The officers eventually apprehended defendant and recovered the gun. Defendant admitted that he was known as a Parkside Norteno from Huron, California.
In August 2009, police officers stopped a vehicle that had been speeding. Defendant was the driver of the vehicle and his passenger was Mario Guzman, a Norteno gang member. Though defendant claimed that he had never been arrested in Salinas, a records check informed the officers that defendant had been arrested and was out on bail with conditions to obey all laws and not associate with any gang members. Defendant then apologized and acknowledged that he had violated a court order.
Defendant contends that the written gang conditions should be modified to reflect the conditions orally imposed by the trial court.
In case No. SS091125A, the trial court suspended imposition of sentence and imposed probation for three years. The trial court imposed various conditions of probation, including that defendant "[n]ot be present at any known gang gathering area" and "[n]ot associate with individuals you know to be gang members, drug users, or on probation or parole." However, the minute order states that defendant must "[n]ot be present in any area you know, suspect, or are told by the [p]robation [o]fficer to be a gang-gathering area" and "[n]ot associate with any individuals you know or suspect to be gang members, drug users, or on any form of probation or parole supervision."
When there is a discrepancy between the minute order and the oral pronouncement of judgment, the oral pronouncement controls. (People v. Farell (2002) 28 Cal.4th 381, 384, fn. 2.) Thus, the written gang conditions in case No. SS091125A must be modified to reflect the conditions orally imposed by the court.
In case No. SS091848, the trial court imposed "the same terms and conditions as outlined on items -- pages 18 and 19." These conditions required defendant, among other things, to "[n]ot associate with any individuals you know or suspect to be gang members, drugs users, or on any form of probation or parole supervision." Thus, the oral pronouncement is accurately reflected in the minute order. However, defendant argues that "inclusion of the word 'suspect' exposes [him] to criminal punishment for associating with individuals he may never know to be gang members," which renders the condition unconstitutionally vague.
"[P]robation is a privilege and not a right, and . . . adult probationers, in preference to incarceration, validly may consent to limitations upon their constitutional rights . . . . [Citations.]" (People v. Olguin (2008) 45 Cal.4th 375, 384.) However, "[a] probation condition 'must be sufficiently precise for the probationer to know what is required of him, and for the court to determine whether the condition has been violated,' if it is ...