UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
November 10, 2010
SAM BESS, PLAINTIFF,
MATTHEW CATE, DAVID SHAW, RODERICK HICKMAN, JEANNE WOODFORD, JOHN DOVEY, SCOTT KERNAN, MARTIN HOSHINO, DEFENDANTS.
ORDER DENYING COSTS FOR OIG DEFENDANTS
This matter comes before the Court on Defendants' Matthew Cate and David Shaw, both employed in the Office of Inspector General ("OIG") (collectively "OIG Defendants") Bill of Costs (Doc. 232). The OIG Defendants' request costs as the prevailing party on a Summary Judgment motion against Plaintiff Sam Bess ("Plaintiff"). Plaintiff opposes the request.
I. FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
Plaintiff brought a civil rights lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and a cause of action under the Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO") against two officials at the OIG and five Defendants at the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR Defendants"). Plaintiff lost at Summary Judgment. The Court declined to award attorneys' fees to the OIG Defendants and the CDCR Defendants.
A. Legal Standard
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure § 54(d)(1) provides that "costs other than attorneys' fees shall be allowed as of course to the prevailing party unless the court otherwise directs." When considering whether to grant costs to the prevailing party in a civil rights case, courts should consider the plaintiff's financial resources and the effect of imposing costs on future civil rights litigants. Stanley v. University of Southern California, 178 F.3d 1069, 1079 (9th Cir. 1999).
B. Claim for Costs
The OIG Defendants ask for $17,705.35 in costs. Plaintiff asks the Court not to assess costs because a costs award could have a chilling effect on future civil rights claims, the suit addressed a matter of public importance, and there is an economic disparity between the parties. In the alternative, Plaintiff asks the Court to reduce costs to $8,357.65. The reduced award discounts the $350 new case filing fee paid for by Plaintiff's counsel, $691.33 in costs related to fees incurred for service of summons and subpoena, $8,084.00 in costs related to the fees incurred in making copies, and $222.26 for overnight federal express delivery charges.
Courts have exercised their discretion to deny costs in civil rights cases for reasons such as the losing party's limited financial resources, National Organization for Women v. Bank of Cal., 680 F.2d 1291, 1294 (9th Cir. 1982); the case addressed issues of substantial public importance, Association of Mexican-American Educators v. State of California, 231 F.3d 572, 591-93 (9th Cir. 2000); and the concern of creating a chilling effect on other future civil rights plaintiffs, Stanley, 178 F.3d at 1079.
Here, the Court is concerned about the effect of requiring a civil rights plaintiff with limited resources to pay $17,705.35, or even $8,357.65. Even though Plaintiff did not incur legal fees because he had pro bono counsel and despite his position at the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, assessing thousands of dollars in costs could have a negative effect on other potential civil rights plaintiffs. "[T]he imposition of such high costs on losing civil rights plaintiffs of modest means may chill civil rights litigation. . . . Without civil rights litigants who are willing to test the boundaries of our laws, we would not have made much of the progress that has occurred in this nation. . . ." Stanley, 178 F.3d at 1080.
Accordingly, the OIG Defendants' request for costs is DENIED.
For the reasons set forth above,
The OIG Defendants' motion for costs is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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