The opinion of the court was delivered by: /s/ Gary S. Austin United States Magistrate Judge
OBJECTIONS, IF ANY, DUE IN 30 DAYS FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS, RECOMMENDING THAT THIS ACTION
Plaintiff Frank E. Sisneroz ("Plaintiff") is a civil detainee proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.*fn1 Plaintiff, a detainee at Coalinga State Hospital ("CSH") in Coalinga, California, and four co-plaintiffs filed this action on April 20, 2005. (Doc. 1.) On August 4, 2005, the plaintiffs' claims were severed and four new actions were opened, leaving Plaintiff as the sole plaintiff proceeding in this action. (Doc. 10.) Plaintiff filed a First Amended Complaint on May 25, 2006, and a Second Amended Complaint on May 12, 2008. (Docs. 23, 34.) On June 1, 2009, the Court consolidated this action with Plaintiff's case 1:08-cv-01971-DLB-PC and ordered this action to proceed on the Second Amended Complaint from this action and the Complaint from case 1:08-cv-01971-DLB-PC, which was moved into this action as a Supplemental Complaint and filed on June 1, 2009. (Doc. 48.) The Second Amended Complaint and Supplemental Complaint are now before the Court for screening. (Docs. 34, 47.)
II. SCREENING REQUIREMENT
The in forma pauperis statutes provides that "the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action or appeal . . . fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). A complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief . . . ." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not required, but "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice," Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 127 S.Ct. 1955 (2007)), and courts "are not required to indulge unwarranted inferences," Doe I v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 572 F.3d 677, 681 (9th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). While factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusion are not. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949.
Under section 1983, Plaintiff must demonstrate that each defendant personally participated in the deprivation of his rights. Jones v. Williams, 297 F.3d 930, 934 (9th Cir. 2002) (emphasis added). This requires the presentation of factual allegations sufficient to state a plausible claim for relief. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949-50; Moss v. U.S. Secret Service, 572 F.3d 962, 969 (9th Cir. 2009). The mere possibility of misconduct falls short of meeting this plausibility standard. Id..
III. SUMMARY OF PLAINTIFF'S ALLEGATIONS
Plaintiff is a civil detainee currently housed under the Welfare & Institutions Code § 6600 et seq., known as the Sexually Violent Predator Act. Plaintiff names as defendants Bill Whitman (Tulare County Sheriff), the Tulare County Board of Supervisors, Thomas F. Johnson (Chief, Tulare County Mental Health), and Tulare County Mental Health Services, for violations of his rights under the Fourth Amendment and his constitutional rights to due process, privacy, equal protection, and treatment appropriate to his status as a civil detainee. Plaintiff alleges as follows.
Plaintiff is subject to periodic recommitment hearings in court and is transported to and from the hearings by the Tulare County Sheriff's Department ("Sheriff's Department"). On February 19, 2003, Plaintiff was transported from Atascadero State Hospital ("ASH") to the Tulare County Main Jail ("Jail"), housed for about twelve days at the Jail to attend a Superior Court hearing, and then transported back. Likewise on April 13, 2004, Plaintiff was transported to the Jail from ASH, housed at the Jail for about twelve days, and transported back. During dates in January 2006, June 2007, and July 2007, Plaintiff was transported from CSH by the Sheriff's Department to and from the Jail for court hearings.
During transportation to the Jail in February 2003 and April 2004, Plaintiff was handcuffed and confined with waist chains and leg chains, endured long layovers at other jail facilities to pick up other inmates, and traveled together in close confinement with male and female state prisoners. Sometimes he waited for hours in the van in the hot sun. Upon arrival at the Jail, Plaintiff was processed through the booking area, held for hours in a holding cell, booked according to his past crimes, photographed, and fingerprinted. He was subject to strip searches during which he was forced to remove all his clothing, open his mouth and lift his tongue, bend over and run his fingers through his hair, spread his legs, lift his penis and scrotum, comb his fingers through his pubic hair, bend at the waist, spread his buttocks with both hands, and cough four times. The strip searches were visible to other inmates and all personnel. Plaintiff was confined to his cell most of the time and not allowed regular showers. The cells, food ports, and showers were filthy. Although Jail inmates were allowed daily phone calls, Plaintiff only had access to the phone one-third of the time. While the penal inmates' cells had a small dayroom with a television and phone and received a daily newspaper, Plaintiff's cell had no dayroom, no television, no working phone, and no access to a daily newspaper. Plaintiff was subject to random cell searches during which he was ordered out of his cell and forced to stand in his boxer shorts in an area visible to other inmates, persons who walked onto the floor, and the wall camera. While working inmates were given clean clothing in good condition each day, Plaintiff was given clothing in poor condition, went days without clean clothing, and had to wash his own clothes. Whenever Plaintiff was moved from floor to floor within the Jail, he was shackled with wrist and ankle chains. While penal inmates were allowed religious privileges, Plaintiff had no such access.
While at the Jail awaiting hearings in June 2007, Plaintiff was handcuffed and shackled with waist chains and leg chains for hours, placed in a holding cell with penal inmates exhibiting unstable behavior, and was not given physical, mental, or medication check-ups. Plaintiff was fingerprinted and had his picture taken in the presence of four penal inmates. Plaintiff did not receive a physical check, mental check, or medication check. The deputies booked Plaintiff under his former sex-crimes charge, as shown by a big green card labeled "SEX" which could be seen from about twenty feet away. Plaintiff was told to change into county clothes. Plaintiff objected and was taken back to the holding cage where he stayed for four more hours. Plaintiff could not sleep because the wooden benches were too hard. In the morning, Plaintiff was taken to a single cell, went to court, and was transported back to CSH. Plaintiff's back hurt from sleeping on the hard wooden benches.
Plaintiff was similarly treated during transportation from CSH to and from the Jail, and during his housing at the Jail, when he attended court hearings in January 2006 and July 2007.
Plaintiff seeks declaratory relief, monetary relief against Defendants in their individual capacities, injunctive relief against Defendants in their ...