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Sharon Jacob v. Oscar Flagg


December 1, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Michael M. Anello United States District Judge



SUA SPONTE DISMISSING COMPLAINT UNDER 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(b) [Doc. No. 1]

Plaintiff Sharon Jacob, proceeding pro se, initiated this action by filing a Complaint against Defendants Oscar B. Flagg and Franco Simone & Associates ("Defendants"). [Doc. No. 1.] Plaintiff contemporaneously filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). [Doc. No. 2.]



A party instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a district court of the United States, except an application for writ of habeas corpus, must pay a filing fee of $350. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). An action may proceed despite a plaintiff's failure to prepay the entire fee only if the plaintiff is granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). See Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999). "To proceed in forma pauperis is a privilege not a right." Smart v. Heinze, 347 F.2d 114, 116 (9th Cir. 1965).

Plaintiff's form affidavit states Plaintiff is employed by the San Diego Unified School District. Plaintiff states "N[ot] A[pplicable]"in response to the question as to the amount of take-home salary, wages and pay period. Plaintiff has $40 in a checking account, and owns outright a Ford Windstar. Plaintiff does not own any other assets, and lists debts in the amount of approximately $16,015. Plaintiff lists her husband and two children as dependent upon her for support. Finally, Plaintiff states the source of funds she uses to pay her day-to-day expenses comes from her participation in CalWorks, medical and food stamp programs. [Doc. No. 2.]

The Court must employ "[t]he same even-handed care . . . to assure that federal funds are not squandered to underwrite, at public expense, either frivolous claims or the remonstrances of a suitor who is financially able, in whole or in material part, to pull his own oar." Temple v. Ellerthorpe, 586 F. Supp. 848, 850 (D.R.I. 1984). Here, the Court finds Plaintiff's affidavit sufficiently shows Plaintiff is unable to pay the fees required to maintain this action. It appears that although Plaintiff works for the San Diego Unified School District, she is not compensated directly by the school district, but rather received funds through the state CalWorks program, a welfare program that provides cash aid and services to eligible families. Additionally, Plaintiff has no additional assets other than the $40 in her checking account and her vehicle, and has three people that are dependent upon her for her support. In light of the aforementioned factors, the Court GRANTS the motion to proceed IFP under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a).


SCREENING PURSUANT TO 28U.S.C.§ 1915(e)(2)(b)

"[W]hen determining whether a complaint states a claim, a court must accept as true all allegations of material fact and must construe those facts in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." Resnick v. Hayes, 213 F.3d 443, 447 (9th Cir. 2000); Barren v. Harrington, 152 F.3d 1193, 1194 (9th Cir. 1998) (noting that § 1915(e)(2) "parallels the language of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6)"). The standard used to evaluate the complaint is a liberal one, particularly when a pro se Plaintiff filed the action. See Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 97 (1976).

However, even a "liberal interpretation ... may not supply elements of the claim that were not initially pled." Ivey v. Bd. of Regents of the Univ. of Alaska, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982).

Under the "notice pleading" standard of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a plaintiff's complaint must provide, in part, a "short and plain statement" of plaintiff"s claims showing entitlement to relief. Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2); see also Paulsen v. CNF, Inc., 559 F.3d 1061, 1071 (9th Cir. 2009). A complaint should be dismissed for failure to state a claim if, taking all well-pleaded factual allegations as true, it does not contain "'enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" See Coto Settlement v. Eisenberg, 593 F.3d 1031, 1034 (9th Cir. 2010) (quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. ___ , 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009)). "'A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.'" Caviness v. Horizon Cmty. Learning Ctr., Inc., 590 F.3d 806, 812 (9th Cir. 2010) (quoting Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1949).

The Court accepts "all facts alleged as true and construes them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." County of Santa Clara v. Astra USA, Inc., 588 F.3d 1237, 1241 n.1 (9th Cir. 2009). The Court is "not, however, required to accept as true conclusory allegations that are contradicted by documents referred to in the complaint, and [the court does] not necessarily assume the truth of legal conclusions merely because they are cast in the form of factual allegations." Paulsen, 559 F.3d at 1071 (citations and quotation marks omitted). The Court must construe a pro se pleading liberally to determine if it states a claim and, prior to dismissal, advise a plaintiff of deficiencies in the complaint and give the plaintiff an opportunity to cure them if it appears at all possible that the plaintiff can correct the defect. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130-31 (9th Cir. 2000).

Additionally, under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 10(b), a plaintiff should state "each claim founded on a separate transaction or occurrence" as a "separate count." Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(b). Rule 10 provides that a "party must state its claims or defenses in numbered paragraphs, each limited as far as practicable to a single set of circumstances." Id. For the following reasons, the Court dismisses the complaint for failure to comply with the pleading standards of Rule 8(a)(2) and Rule 10(b).

Here, Plaintiff's Complaint alleges a myriad of purported criminal and civil claims against defendants. Plaintiff lists her claims in the Complaint caption heading as "One Franco Simone, and Associates ESQ and Infidels who Impersonating Attorney-at-law without Occupation License/Title of Nobility/Hazard Bonds and[/]or Bonds for Professional Performances, Etc.[,] Federal Crimes Reporting Statute Title 18 U.S.C. Section 2,3,4[,] Civil Rights Act, Bivens, Civil RICO 28 U.S.C. [Section] 2680 Intentional Wrongful Conduct, 1) Dishonor Disclosure Credential Requirements by Law." [Doc. No. 1, 1.]

The thirty-four (34) page Complaint is primarily comprised of Black's Law Dictionary definitions, references to various constitutional provisions, statutes and other laws, as well as paragraph excerpts from unknown sources. The Complaint contains virtually no factual allegations upon which Plaintiff may base her claims. Plaintiff's Complaint is almost unintelligible and fails to give Defendants notice of the claims she attempts to allege. Thus, it is extremely difficult to discern from the Complaint which legal theories Plaintiff intends to pursue and what relief she is seeking.

The lack of clarity is further compounded by Plaintiff's failure to use headings in the Complaint to identify the separate claims she asserts in this action. Rather, the Complaint appears to be divided into the following sections: "Complaint to the California Attorney General Article of Impeachments" [Doc. No. 1, 2]; "Domestic Mixed War on Minority base on Race" [Id. at 3]; "Obstructing Justice of Legislative and enforcement" [Id. at 7]; "The Federal Crime Statute 18 USC 4 Required the" [Id. at 7]; "Count One: 18 U.S.C. 1962" [Id. at 8]; "Article III Section 3 -Treason Note" [Id. at 9]. Based upon these headings, it is difficult to discern where in the Complaint her claims are contained.

Furthermore, Plaintiff cannot state a claim against defendants of a criminal nature. An individual may not bring criminal charges against another individual or entity by filing a civil complaint in this Court. See Aldabe, v. Aldabe, 616 F.2d 1089, 1092 (9th Cir. 1980). Any civil claims Plaintiff may have against defendants must allege sufficient facts to support a viable cause of action. Plaintiff must clearly and succinctly allege facts relevant to her claims, clearly name which defendants she contends violated each claim, and must clearly state the legal basis for the claims. Short and plain statements of the elements of the claims showing that Plaintiff is entitled to relief, and providing defendants fair notice of those claims are required.



For the reasons discussed above, the Court GRANTS Plaintiff's Motion to Proceed IFP, and sua sponte DISMISSES the Complaint with leave to amend. Plaintiff's amended complaint must be filed on or before December 30, 2010. The amended complaint must be complete in itself without reference to the superseded pleading and must be in compliance with the terms stated herein. See S.D. Cal. Civ. L.R. 15.1.



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