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Ben Gordon, G7, Inc, and Bg4, Inc v. Vitalis Partners

December 3, 2010

BEN GORDON, G7, INC, AND BG4, INC.,
PLAINTIFFS AND CREDITORS,
v.
VITALIS PARTNERS, LLC; LARRY HARMON & ASSOCIATES, P.A.; KCD DEVELOPMENTS, LLC; LARRY HARMON, AND INDIVIDUAL, AND KENNY CRUZ, AN INDIVIDUAL, DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER

Presently before the court is plaintiffs and creditors' ("plaintiffs") Ex Parte Application for Order Requiring Examination of Judgment Debtor Larry W. Harmon.*fn1 (Dkt. No. 4.) Plaintiffs separately filed an Application and Order for Appearance and Examination on Judicial Council of California Form A-138, EJ-125 [Rev. July 1, 2000]. (Dkt. No. 5.) These filings will be referred to collectively as the "Applications." For the reasons stated below, the undersigned denies plaintiffs' Applications without prejudice on the grounds that the Applications do not conform with the requirements of California Code of Civil Procedure § 708.160(d).

On June 25, 2010, plaintiffs registered with this court a foreign judgment in an amount of $1,386,666.67, which was previously entered by the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois in the matter entitled Ben Gordon, et al. v. Vitalis Partners, LLC, et al., case number 07 C 6807. (Dkt. No. 1; see also Dkt. No. 5, Attachment.) Although the certified copy of the judgment on file with this court does not clearly indicate whether the judgment in question was entered against the judgment debtor who is the subject of the requested examination here-defendant Larry W. Harmon, an individual-the Declaration of Larissa G. Nefulda avers under penalty of perjury that Mr. Harmon is subject to the judgment in question. (Nefulda Decl. ¶ 2, Dkt. No. 4.)

On November 19, 2010, plaintiffs filed the Applications that are the subject of this order. Plaintiffs request that Mr. Harmon appear personally for a judgment debtor examination and be required to bring with him documents responsive to 129 broad requests for production of documents.*fn2

Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 69(a)(1), the "[t]he procedure on execution-and in proceedings supplementary to and in aid of judgment or execution-must accord with the procedure of the state where the court is located, but a federal statute governs to the extent it applies." In turn, California Code of Civil Procedure § 708.160 provides, in part:

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the proper court for examination of a person under this article is the court in which the money judgment is entered.

(b) A person sought to be examined may not be required to attend an examination before a court located outside the county in which the person resides or has a place of business unless the distance from the person's place of residence or place of business to the place of examination is less than 150 miles.

(c) If a person sought to be examined does not reside or have a place of business in the county where the judgment is entered, the superior court in the county where the person resides or has a place of business is a proper court for examination of the person.

Cal. Civ. Proc. Code §§ 708.160(a)-(c). Section 708.160(d) further provides, in part:

If the judgment creditor seeks an examination of a person before a court other than the court in which the judgment is entered, the judgment creditor shall file an application that shall include all of the following:

(1) An abstract of judgment in the form prescribed by [California Code of Civil Procedure] Section 674.

(2) An affidavit in support of the application stating the place of residence or place of business of the person sought to be examined. .

Id. §§ 708.160(d)(1)-(2).

Here, the judgment at issue was entered in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, and plaintiffs seek to examine Mr. Harmon in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California. Accordingly, plaintiffs are required to file an application for the examination of the judgment debtor that conforms to the requirements of California Code of Civil Procedure ยง 708.160(d). ...


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